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VCU Magazine 

A publication for the alumni and friends of 
Virginia Commonwealth University 

Volume 11, Number 3 
Fall 1982 

2 An American in Caen 

A VCU assistant professor recalls his year as a Fulbright 
lecturer in France with memories of architecturally drab 
facilities, cordial colleagues, and a system of higher 
education that stresses logic and order. 

8 Jazz Renaissance 

Dnce viewed as less than a serious art form by music 
educators, jazz has found a place for itself in university 
music departments. At VCU, an award-winning orches- 
tra with its own album, an annual concert series, and a 
proposed degree program in jazz studies are representa- 
tive of jazz's emergence. 

12 A Matter of Time 

Different cultures hold dissimilar attitudes about the 
value of time which have significant consequences for the 
social behavior taking place within them. 

17 Cancer Care 

For cancer victims and their families, adjusting to the 
physical and emotional hardships the disease inflicts is a 
sometimes unbearable ordeal. Members of the univer- 
sity's Cancer Rehabilitation and Continuing Care Pro- 
gram are doing their part to make the adjustment a little 

20 University News 
26 Newsmakers 
28 Alumni Update 

Each issue of VCU Magiizii^e details only a few of the interesting aspects of Virginia 
Commonwealth University. The opinions expressed in VCU Magnzinc are those of the 
author and are not necessarily those of VCU. 

Located in Virginia's capital city, Richmond, VCU traces its founding date to 1838. 
Today, VCU is the third largest state-aided university in Virginia and enrolls over 
20,000 students on its academic and medical campuses. 

VCU Magazine is produced quarterly by the Office of Universitv Publications. 

Copyright © 1982 by Virginia Commonwealth University 

Ed Kanis, editor 

Greta Matus, designer 

David Mathis, director of university publications 


Cover: Plwtograph by Dennis McWaters. Original 
album design by Rick Plasters: original photograph 
by Ken Higgms. 


The Universite de Caen is situated on 80 acres of hillside above the chateau of William the Conqueror. 


An American 
in Caen 

Recounting impressions of higher education in France 

Richard Fine, assistant professor 
of English and Fulbright Award 
recipient, spent the 1981-82 aca- 
demic year in Caen, France, 
teaching American studies and 
American literature to university 
students. In this article he re- 
counts some of his experiences 
with the French system of higher 

By Richard Fine 

The French city of Caen lies 
two hours west of Paris via 
the high-speed tiirbotmin. 
Relatively prosperous and essen- 
tially conservative, Caen is the 
political and economic center of 
lower Normandy, a region of rich 
farmland, apple orchards, and 
verdant foilage. The French best 
know the city for its steel indus- 
try, its pivotal role during World 
War II, its university, and its spe- 
cialties: creamy butter, tender 
beef, and the velvety apple 
brandy known as Calvados. 

I arrived in Caen in early Octo- 
ber to begin a year as a Fulbright 
Junior Lecturer in American Stud- 
ies and American Literature at the 
Universite de Caen. The Fulbright 
Commission had warned me I 
might be asked to lecture on just 
about any aspect of American cul- 

ture, from colonial social history 
to contemporary architecture. Pa- 
tience and flexibility, the commis- 
sion informed me, plus a few ba- 
sic texts in each field, would be 
essential during my stay. I quickly 
discovered this to be sage advice. 

A few days after my arrival I 
met Robert Bennett, the head of 
the American Studies program at 
the university, who had little idea 
what I would be asked to teach. 
"But don't worry," he said casu- 
ally, "we are all in the same situa- 
tion. My timetable (schedule) has 
been changed four times this 
summer and will probably change 
again at least once. There is 
plenty of time. Classes will not 
start until sometime in Novem- 

Thus, I learned my first lesson 
about French academia: the year 
begins in seeming chaos, with no 
predetermined date for beginning 
classes, no way to predict just 
how many students will appear, 
and, since staffing changes often 
occur at the very last minute as 
professors change universities, no 
clear notion of who will be availa- 
ble to teach what subjects. The 
whole system, to my inexpe- 
rienced eye, made the routine of 
the American school year seem as 
precise as a moonshot. 

The Universite de Caen, one of 

France's oldest, was founded by 
Henry IV in 1432. The university's 
buildings did not survive World 
War II, and it is rumored the 
French Education Ministry de- 
cided to copy post-war American 
"campus" planning in rebuilding 
the university on 80 acres of hill- 
side above William the Conquer- 
or's chateau located near the River 
Orne. The campus greenery is at- 
tractive, but the buildings are 
dreadful. I did not think it possi- 
ble, but the Caen campus makes 
some of VCU's newer buildings 
seem like models of elegance and 
warmth. The only advantage I 
have found is that the classrooms 
and offices in Caen have win- 
dows, all of which open. 

During October I began learn- 
ing about the French educational 
system, a process which, after six 
months, threatens to become a 
life's work. French secondary 
school, or lycee, extends through 
the 13th grade. Students then 
take a series of examinations to 
qualify for the bijccalniireat (bnc) di- 
ploma. Any student who passes 
the bac may continue studies at 
state expense, although less than 
10 percent actuallv do so. A fur- 
ther batterv of highh'-competitive 
entrance examinations siphon off 

Founded in 1432, the Universite de Caen is one of France's oldest institutions of higher learning. While its 
buildings are noted for their architectural blandness, the university's grounds are quite attractive. 

the best students into the grandes 
ecoles, the most prestigious of the 
French universities. The remain- 
ing students who wish to con- 
tinue their education do so in the 
regional universities. 

In France, most disciplines re- 
quire a three-year undergraduate 
course of study. The first two 
years lead to a diploma called the 
D.E.U.G., a certification of basic 
knowledge within a specific field. 
After the third year of study and 
another set of exams, a student 
receives a licence, which corres- 
ponds roughly to the American 
bachelor's degree and is the ter- 
minal degree for most French col- 
lege students. A fourth year of 
work may lead to the maitrise, 
generally equivalent to our mas- 
ter's degree. After the fourth year 
students can take another set of 
highly competitive national ex- 
ams, the Aggregation and 

C.A.P.E.S., for positions in the 
civil service, including teaching 

General education or distribu- 
tion requirements do not really 
exist in French universities. Once 
students have passed the bac they 
are expected to concentrate on 
one field of study. This, perhaps, 
is the most significant philosophi- 
cal and practical distinction be- 
tween French and American 
higher education. 

As for student life, it follows a 
curious rhythm. Since university 
education is free and student sta- 
tus entails other economic bene- 
fits, and since students may com- 
plete the curriculum at their own 
pace (there is no distinction be- 
tween full-time and part-time stu- 
dents), many students appear re- 
laxed to an extreme in off-exam 
years. Yet the national exams, in 
particular, are intensely competi- 
tive and produce extraordinary 
amounts of anxiety. The number 
of suicides and breakdowns 

jumps alarmingly at exam time. 
Cheating, the theft of important 
texts from the library, and other 
forms of sabotage are common- 
place among the students. Ameri- 
can students' competitiveness and 
anxiety pale in comparison. 

In theory, the administrative 
structure of the French university 
system is eminently rational; in 
practice, it remains as Byzantine 
and inscrutable as the lines of 
Eglise St. Etieune are simple and 
clean. The French system now 
comprises 74 universities. After 
the student protests which oc- 
curred in 1968, the French gov- 
ernment attempted to decentral- 
ize and democratize what had 
previously been a structure thor- 
oughly controlled by Paris. 

Each university now consists of 
a number of affiliated Unites d'En- 
seignement et Recherche (Units of 
Teaching and Research), which 
correspond roughly to an Ameri- 
can university's schools or divi- 

sions. At Caen, for example, there 
are 11 U.E.R.s, including law and 
political science, medicine, his- 
tory, modern foreign languages, 
and others. 

As a whole, the university is 
administered by an elected coun- 
cil representing staff, faculties of 
the various U.E.R.s, and, to a 
lesser extent, students. The coun- 
cil elects a president as chief ad- 
ministrator of the university who 
serves a five-year term. The coun- 
cil also appoints directors for the 
various U.E.R.s, drawn from the 
respective faculties, who serve 
three-year terms and, much like a 
combination dean and depart- 
ment chairman, manage the day- 
to-day affairs of the units. 

French academics debate con- 
stantly about the extent of democ- 
racy and decentralization within 
the system. My friends in the uni- 
versity, especially those who are 
Socialists, complain that under 
Giscard the limited autonomy 
granted to the universities in 1968 
was gradually usurped by Paris, 
and it seems true that most of the 
faculty loathed Giscard's minister 
for higher education. These com- 
plaints are not totally surprising 
as the universities have tradition- 
ally been a major source of 
strength for the Socialist Party; in- 
deed, more than half the Socialist 
majority in the National Assembly 
are schoolteachers or professors. 

In any case, from an American 
perspective it appears most deci- 
sions about the universities are 
still made in Paris. The Education 
Ministry, for instance, decides 
which diplomas each university 
can offer, determines the staffing 
levels of the various U.E.R.s, sets 
criteria for promotion, and even 
has a say in a great deal of minu- 
tia of university life. Many admin- 
istrators in Caen warrant two tele- 
phones on their desks — one an 
outside line, the other a direct line 
to the ministry in Paris. 

After familiarizing myself with 
the French system of higher edu- 
cation, I began my official duties 
in late October by attending the 
first faculty meeting of the Iiistitut 
d'Aii;flais. The group is a collective 
within the U.E.R. des Langues 
Vivaiites Etrmigeres composed of 
faculty teaching the language, lit- 

erature, and civilization of the 
English-speaking world. In practi- 
cal terms the English-speaking 
world translates as Britain, Ire- 
land, the United States, and Can- 
ada, with a decided emphasis on 
the first two. In France faculty 
meetings tend to be two- or three- 
hour marathons with 20-item 
agendas, during which people 
generally ignore the proceedings 
unless the topic under discussion 
directly affects their livelihood. 
American faculty meetings seem a 
bit more decorous and efficient by 

As I learned at the meeting, 
French academic life is (to a de- 

gree unimagined in America) ex- 
tremely politicized. The faculty of 
the Iiistitut is represented not by 
one union but by four, covering 
the spectrum from extreme left to 
extreme right. There are even a 
few anarchists who refuse to join 
any union. This factionalism 
presents considerable problems 
unknown to Americans, espe- 
cially in the formation of impor- 
tant committees. The Commu- 
nists, Socialists, Giscardists, and 
Gaullists, as well as the anar- 
chists, usually insist on represen- 
tation. The liistitut seems able to 
handle this delicate problem ami- 
cably, but I have heard of fero- 

The university's buildings did not withstand World War 11 and had to be 
rebuilt. Nor did many other nearby structures, including Eglise St. 
Pierre which was restored at the end of the confrontation. 

cious fights within other U.E.R.s 
and at other universities. Faculty 
members, when pressed, have 
e\'en resorted to hunger strikes to 
make a point. 

There are 36 members of the lii- 
stitut, divided among four ranks: 
five pwfcsseiirs (full professor); 17 
7naitrc-asfistauts (associate profes- 
sor); eight (7ss/sf(7Hf.'^ (assistant pro- 
fessor); and six lecteurs (instruc- 
tor). More than half the faculty 
are women. However, only one of 
the pwfcfscurs is a woman, al- 
though she is the elected head of 
the Institut as well as its most re- 
spected scholar. Thirteen mem- 
bers claim English as their native 
language. The remaining mem- 
bers are French, and their English 
skills range from passable to flu- 

I was curious and a bit nervous 
about meeting my colleagues. 

given the French reputation for 
reserve and intellectual hauteur. I 
had been warned by previous Ful- 
bright grantees not to expect the 
customary American social ameni- 
ties such as invitations to cocktails 
or dinner. French academics, I 
was told, simply do not often so- 
cialize with each other. 

Happily, I found these warn- 
ings of social distance to be 
greatly overstated. On the whole 
my colleagues were an open and 
amiable lot, curious about Ameri- 
can universities and life in gen- 
eral, tolerant of my halting 
French, and invariably patient 
with my sometimes simple- 
minded c]ueries about their uni- 
versity and country. 

I have learned, however, that 
they have good reason to be amia- 
ble, for by American standards 
French academics are a bit 

spoiled. They are better paid and 
work less, sometimes much less. 
The standard teaching load is 
three hours a week, and there is 
less expectation of research and 
publication. Academics here en- 
joy greater social status as French 
society esteems la vie intellectuelle 
(the intellectual life) to a much 
greater extent than is true in 
America. Younger French aca- 
demics do not suffer the uncer- 
tainties of the "up or out" Ameri- 
can tenure system. As members 
of the civil service they are guar- 
anteed a job somewhere within 
the educational system. However, 
promotion and full tenure within 
a university are complicated mat- 
ters. The regulations governing 
such matters would fill a phone 
book and, of course, are subject to 
complete revision with every 
change in administration in Paris. 

The attractive greenery of the university is representative of the beauty of the city of Caen. One of the most 
attractive spots is a park which has been developed on the grounds inside William the Conqueror's chateau. 

Many faculty members at Caen 
and in other universities are 
former lycee teachers who were 
promoted to the universities dur- 
ing the late 60s and early 70s to 
cope with the rapidly expanding 
student population. Now that en- 
rollments are declining, these in- 
dividuals are worried they will be 
bumped back into the li/cees. 

During the last weeks in Octo- 
ber students and faculty drifted 
back to campus, and schedules 
were finally worked out. Classes 
began in early November. Before 
1968, virtually all courses relied 
exclusively on large lectures; how- 
ever, as a result of the reforms of 
that year many courses, including 
most literature and civilization 
courses, now entail one weekly 
formal lecture and one weekly 
small discussion section in which 
students examine a text or docu- 
ment related to the lecture. The 
academic year is divided into four 
six-week periods, and most fac- 
ulty members' schedules change 
every period. I have been teach- 
ing parts of three American civili- 
zation courses, giving lectures 
and leading discussion groups. In 
all, my teaching load has aver- 
aged less than five hours a week, 
considerably less than at VCU 
and a welcome break. 

Depending on who is teaching 
a course, it is organized either 
chronologically or thematically. 
Religion, immigration, capitalism, 
the South, cities, and women, for 
instance, are some of the themes 
covered in the second-year civili- 
zation course. If not precisely in- 
novative, both approaches are le- 
gitimate and sound. There is also 
an honest, although not always 
successful, attempt to be interdis- 
ciplinary in the civilization 
courses, to examine value and be- 
lief systems as well as institutions 
and events. The text or docu- 
ments used for the discussion sec- 
tions are usually chosen by the 
lecturer, and I was pleased to dis- 
cover that most are primary 
sources — political speeches, es- 

says from newspapers and maga- 
zines, and the like. Lecturers fre- 
quently, however, use the same 
texts for years and too often rely 
on interpretations which are now 
outdated historigraphically. 

As a Fulbright grantee fresh 
from the United States, one of my 
functions is to suggest new texts 
which might better reflect current 
research and thinking on histori- 
cal issues. None of the lecturers 
seem very aware, for example, of 
recent research and re-interpreta- 
tions of slavery, nor the remark- 
able work that has been done in 
the past ten years in the field of 
women's history. 

All the literature and civiliza- 
tion courses are conducted in 
English. Even though virtually 
every student has taken six years 
of English before coming to the 
university, some of the first-year 
students have difficulty with the 
language. As a result, I find my- 
self lecturing very slowly and re- 
peating myself frequently. By the 
second year, however, most stu- 
dents' conversational abilities are 
surprisingly good, although their 
written abilities are less polished. 
For example, French students 
have a terrible time remembering 
to capitalize the first word of a 

Most of my students are fasci- 
nated with American life, al- 
though many are a bit obsessed 
with certain stereotypes. Some 
are convinced all Americans wear 
cowboy hats, drive enormous 
cars, carry guns which they fire at 
any moving object, and eat three 
meals a day at McDonald's. Their 
knowledge of American popular 
culture is extensive, but their un- 
derstanding of American history, 
institutions, politics, and even ge- 
ography is often very meager. I 
have concluded that Americans, 
as a general rule, know much 
more about Europe than Europe- 
ans know about America. Many 
of my students seem to have 
never looked at a map of North 
America. Indicative of that level 
of knowledge, one student began 
an essay about slavery by stating, 
"Before the white Europeans ar- 
rived in the New World, the Indi- 

ans and blacks lived together in 
peace." At least the sentence 
structure was correct. 

In general I have found the 
French educational system 
stresses habits of mind — orderly 
argument, lucidity, the arrange- 
ment of information into logical 
categories (even if the conse- 
quence is sometimes illogical). 
This emphasis is much different 
from that in America. American 
students are more pragmatic, 
spontaneous, and creative, and, 
to my mind, far more stimulating 
to teach. « 

Jazz Renaissance 

The emergence of jazz at VCU parallels a national trend 

By Robert Goldblum 

For years the relationship be- 
tween jazz and music depart- 
ments in American universi- 
ties was like the one between oil 
and water. 

Until recently, music educators 
viewed jazz as something less 
than serious art music. For them 
it was a folk or popular idiom not 
academic enough to be taught 
and studied in institutions of 
higher learning, although for a 
time before World War II jazz 
gained a measure of acceptance in 
the academic community. Never- 
theless jazz was, for the most 
part, denied entry into American 
higher education, even though 
European classical composers like 
Anton Dvorak, Igor Stravinsky, 
and Darius Milhaud borrowed 
heavily from American jazz and 
folk material. As a result, college- 
trained musicians interested in 
jazz had to play and study it after 

However, in recent years jazz 
has moved from after hours into 
prime time. And the ratings so far 
are encouraging. In VCU's music 
department, jazz is performed not 
only in the classroom and the 
practice room but in the concert 
hall as well. 

Soon, jazz studies will be on 
the diploma. The department has 
proposed a comprehensive degree 
program (bachelor's and master's 
levels) in jazz studies which, if 
approved, would most likely be 


implemented by fall 1983. 
Courses in the program will in- 
clude jazz history and literature, 
improvisation, arranging, and en- 
semble playing. 

Like any new and slightly con- 
troversial art form trying to gain 
recognition within traditional aca- 
demic circles, jazz has struggled 
through the years for acceptance. 
But few music educators today 
can deny the widespread influ- 
ence jazz has had on the shape of 
modern American music. 

At VCU the jazz studies pro- 
gram occupies a place alongside 
Western classical music as an inte- 
gral part of the music curriculum. 
"It most certainly is part of our 
background in Western music," 
said Dr. Richard Koehler, music 
department chairman. "The mu- 
sic faculty and School of the Arts 
support the idea of our jazz pro- 

The jazz scene at VCU was 
launched in earnest in 1975 with 
concert appearances by Count Ba- 
sic, Billy Taylor, Keith Jarrett, and 
Gary Burton. Between 1975 and 
1979 the VCU jazz concert series 
grew slowly in popularity, and al- 
though jazz was still in its infancy 
here, artists like Chick Corea, Ron 
Carter, and Milt Jackson appeared 
in town and sparked interest in 
jazz at VCU and the Richmond 

Although its growth was slow, 
jazz finally reached its maturity in 

spring 1980 with the first School 
of the Arts Jazz Festival. The 
event featured Art Blakey, Jackie 
McLean, Sonny Fortune, and 
Pharoah Sanders, all major fig- 
ures in the jazz world. 

Since that festival the city of 
Richmond, due largely to the in- 
fluence of the School of the Arts 
and the Department of Music, has 
been in the midst of a small but 
bona fide jazz renaissance. A sec- 
ond jazz festival in spring 1981 at- 
tracted jazz greats McCoy Tyner, 
Elvin Jones, and the Heath Broth- 
ers. A third festival in fall 1981 
featured a wealth of jazz talent 
which matched that of other, 
more well known festivals: Billy 
Taylor, Arthur Blythe, James 
Moody, Woody Shaw, Nat Adder- 
ley, and Sonny Rollins. 

The architect of VCU's jazz con- 
cert series, the most popular per- 
forming arts event at the univer- 
sity, is Dr. Murry DePillars, dean 
of the School of the Arts. In a 
short period of time, DePillars, 
along with VCU jazz orchestra di- 
rector Dr. Doug Richards, has 
built VCU's jazz series into one of 
the country's most successful jazz 
programs in higher education. 
Much of that success is due to the 
federal funding DePillars has re- 
ceived for the past three years 
from the National Endowment for 
the Arts to produce VCU's jazz 
series. "We have made a strong 
commitment to jazz at VCU, and 
the Endowment recognizes it," 
noted DePillars. "The concert se- 
ries has stimulated an interest in 

jazz at the university and pro- 
vides a service for the larger com- 

The success of the series has led 
to increased visibility for jazz in 
the Richmond area. Local record 
stores are stocking more jazz se- 
lections, and there has been an in- 
crease in the number of local jazz 
ensembles performing in Rich- 
mond area clubs. In addition, lo- 
cal jazz musicians are teaching 
classes in improvisation in the 
music department. 

The concert series has also 
helped increase jazz program- 
ming of other community organi- 
zations including the Richmond 
Jazz Society, Federated Arts 
Council, Branches of the Arts, 
and local clubs. In fact, last May 
Moody and Adderley, who per- 
formed at the fall 1981 festival. 

appeared at a popular jazz spot in 
Shockoe Slip, the city's entertain- 
ment district. 

Perhaps more important than 
the jazz series' effect on jazz 
awareness in Richmond is the im- 
pact it has had on students who 
play and study jazz at VCU. Be- 
fore each concert nationally recog- 
nized jazz artists give afternoon 
clinics and master classes for area 
music students. "Our kids can 
learn more in one hour with these 
jazz masters than they can in 
weeks of classroom work," said 

"The personal contact from 
working with master musicians 
has been a real shot in the arm for 
students at VCU and for our jazz 
program," said Richards, VCU's 

first and only jazz faculty mem- 
ber. "The students in our jazz 
bands learn valuable lessons in 
creativity and professionalism 
from the national jazz talent." 
Fans of the Richmond area club 
scene can see the results of this 
education almost every weekend 
since manv of the top players 
from VCU's jazz orchestras play 
weekend engagements in the 

Along with assisting the growth 
of the VCU festival, Richards has 
helped develop and energize the 
jazz studies program, especially 
its Jazz Orchestra I. "Doug has 
been a real positive influence on 
the jazz at VCU," said Martin Mc- 
Cavitt, Jazz Orchestra I pianist. 
"There was no official interest in 
jazz here before Doug arrived. He 
established jazz as an area of 


Produced by VCU's Jazz Orchestra I, "The Tattooed Bride" features strong soloing and bold ensemble work 


study and pulled together the lo- 
cal jazz talent." 

In three years Richards has 
helped create one of the top col- 
lege big bands in the country. 
Performing at Notre Dame Uni- 
versity's 24th annual collegiate 
jazz festival in April, Jazz Orches- 
tra I earned a superior rating and 
won an award for the festival's 
outstanding large ensemble per- 
formance. In addition, clarinetist 
Gary Shaver received recognition 
for outstanding woodwind per- 
formance on Duke Ellington's 
"The Tattooed Bride," the 
highlight of VCU's set. 

The Notre Dame honor, how- 
ever, was only one award the or- 
chestra received. Before leaving 
for Notre Dame, the 17-piece or- 
chestra was given top honors at 
the Chantilly Jazz Festival in 
Northern Virginia. 

In addition to capturing honors 
for its performances, the band re- 
corded its first album, "The Tat- 
tooed Bride," in Januarv. From 
the title tune, a resurrected Duke 
Ellington masterwork (VCU is the 

first band to perform and record 
the work since Ellington did in 
1950) to the contemporary calypso 
vocal arrangement by the band's 
bassist, the album is an inspired 
and varied session filled with 
strong soloing and bold ensemble 

With an award-winning jazz or- 
chestra, an energetic and hard- 
driving director, a first-rate con- 
cert series which attracts top jazz 
artists, and a new degree program 
on the way, the future of the VCU 
jazz studies program (and jazz in 
Richmond) looks bright. The qual- 
ity and reputation of the program 
are already making their way into 
some prominent jazz circles. "Our 
festival has left a lasting impres- 
sion on each musician who has 
come to Richmond," said DePil- 
lars. "Many of them have gone 
back to the Endowment voluntar- 
ily to say what a good thing we've 
got going here. And thev all want 
to come back, too." 

On a trip to New York City ear- 
lier this year DePillars stopped in 
at a club to see drummer Art Bla- 
key perform. While there, DePil- 
lars met a host of jazz dignitaries, 
including Jim Harrison, editor of 
Jazz Spotlight, a leading jazz jour- 
nal, and young trumpeter Wynton 
Marsalis. "They were all totally fa- 
miliar with what is going on in 
jazz at VCU," recalled DePillars. 
"Blakey came over after his set 
and Wvnton was asking about 
coming to Richmond to play." 

It's a long way from VCU's Mu- 
sic Center to America's most cele- 
brated jazz clubs. But the VCU 
jazz program is raising ears at the 
National Endowment in Washing- 
ton and in the New York City club 
scene. For a voung jazz program, 
that's an impressive accomplish- 
ment, ii 

In:: photos courtesy Ricliiuoiid Ncwfpapvrsjnc. 

Album photo by Dennis McW'atcrs 



A Matter of Time 

Examining cultural differences toward the value of time 

Time is a dimension which 
surrounds us and influences 
almost every aspect of our 
lives. Time is also a concept taken 
for granted and rarely examined 

It would seem that the easiest 
question to answer in everyday 
society is "What time is it?" The 
answer is usually given in terms 
of the time of day as measured by 
clocks, watches, or other time- 
pieces. To analyze time a distinc- 
tion must be made between phvs- 
ical time and social time. Physical 
time refers to the sequence and 
duration of events which are in- 
dependent of human constriction 
such as night and day, phases of 
the moon, the changing tides, the 
oscillation of atoms, the growth of 
rings around trees, and the birth 
and death of living organisms. 
This very partial list pales in com- 
parison to the number and types 
of social time which include the 
hours of the day, days of the 
week, stages in a career, years in 
school, and time left before grad- 

Since one of the strongest indi- 
cators of cultural competence is 
the ability to handle time in ap- 
propriate ways, individuals must 
master its usage. However, differ- 
ent cultures hold quite dissimilar 
notions about the importance of 
time which have significant con- 
sequences for the social behavior 

taking place within them. 

In America, the Puritan heri- 
tage and the American work ethic 
to which it contributed have led 
to an overriding concern with 
hard work and a disparagement 
of any activity considered frivo- 
lous or unproductive. Wasting 
time meant more than losing and 
wasting money; it was irreligious 
and sinful. The following Puritan 
pronouncements convey this idea: 

Waste of time is this, the first 
and in principle the deadliest of 

Time is infinitely valuable be- 
cause every hour lost is lost to 
labour for the glory of God. 

Eventually the work ethic lost 
its strictly religious connotation 
and became secularized, but the 
attitudes concerning waste of time 
maintained their strength. Ben- 
jamin Franklin's Poor Richard's Al- 
nnmnck was full of sayings about 
the importance of using time pro- 

Dost thou love life? Then do 
not squander time, for that's 
the stuff life is made of. 

The sleeping fox catches no 
poultry, and there will be sleep- 
ing enough in the grave. 

Early to bed, and early to rise, 
makes a man healthy, wealthy 
and wise. 

The early bird catches the 

These terse value expressions 
set the right tone for the busy col- 
onialists trying to get ahead in the 
world. While values concerning 
the use of time clearly had practi- 
cal consequences, they also had 
psychological implications. Amer- 
icans feel guilty if they waste time 
or do not use it productively. 

This attitude is expressed in the 
way Americans approach leisure. 
There are some implicit rules 
regulating how Americans should 
spend spare time. For example, 
an individual should spend time 
on those endeavors which give 
visible evidence of activity. In 
some parts of the world, sitting or 
standing still, whether thinking or 
not, is considered an activity. In 
the United States it is not. Ameri- 
cans expend large amounts of 
money in learning how to relax 
and unwind and attend special 
classes to learn how to find peace 
of mind. 

The Chinese, on the other 
hand, have a proverb extolling in- 
acfivity which states, "A moment 
of patience and one step back- 
ward will bring about peace." To- 
day, in rural parts of the world 
like Burma this attitude is also 
apparent. After individuals com- 
plete their tasks for the day, they 


are not supposed to be busy. 
Thev sit and smoke, gossip and 
drink tea, or visit neighbors. 
About work done after dark in 
Greece, citizens say, "The day 
takes a look at it and laughs." 

Not only do Americans believe 
they should be busy in their spare 
time, they also feel free time 
should be spent improving them- 
selves or their property. For ex- 
ample, Americans place emphasis 
on reading. However, individuals 
should be selective in their read- 
ing material and disdain all books 
and periodicals that are not in- 
structive, informative, and useful. 
Americans also believe in keeping 
their homes in good condition 
and in trying to increase their 
value by making improvements. 

The moral overtones of the mis- 
use or waste of time can be seen 
in the following quote from a UPI 
news story: 

You can't hold it, see it, or store 
it away, but Canadians will 
steal $8 billion worth of it this 
year. "Time theft is the biggest 
crime of all," says personnel ex- 
pert Robert Half. A poll of per- 
sonnel agencies indicated that 
the average Canadian worker 
"stole" an average of 3V2 hours 
each week. 

Often language can be used to 
highlight the differences in time 
orientation between cultures. 
Those speaking English who wish 
to indicate a clock is functioning 
say "the clock is running." In 
Spanish and Hebrew, two lan- 
guages not historically associated 
with Protestanhsm and its related 
work ethic, the same idea is ex- 
pressed "the clock is walking." In 
English if one is late for a train, 
one would so indicate by stating 
"I missed the train." In Spanish 
the same event would be reported 
with a very different sentence 
structure: "The train has left me." 
In English, the active, guilty, and 
culpable agent is the late individ- 
ual. In Spanish the guilty agent is 
the train. 

The Chinese attitude toward 
time reflects a traditional or pre- 
industrial orientation, summa- 
rized by the following letter 
which appeared in the country's 
United Daily News: 

Time belongs to the individual, 
to save or not save it ... is the 
only business of the individual. 
We have lost much of our free- 
dom of choice because we must 
obey the clock on the wall or 
the watch on our wrist. ... I 
am still at a loss to know whom 
we are saving time for. But all 
the people must obey ... to 
complete our work one hour 
earlier or to reach our destina- 
tion one hour earlier is an 
achievement. But how shall we 
spend the time saved, unless 
we merely kill it? It seems that 
there is no other course that we 
can resort to. . . . What a cruel 
and stupid way of dealing with 
time in this highly complicated 
modern society! 

This viewpoint is quite different 
from the following expression by 
high school students published in 
China's Central Daily News: 

If we can repent because we 
have wasted some time, we will 
still have much precious time 
on our hands. What is terrible 
is that we do not realize that we 
have wasted our time. Should 
this be the case, we will be like 
gamblers, who do not repent in 
time, and will eventually lose 

Interestingly this last opinion 
was expressed by students who 
have had little direct experience 
with any type of society other 
than an industrializing one. The 
letter from the high school stu- 
dents points out that the valua- 
tion of time is culture bound. 

While cultures vary in their use 
and understanding of time, con- 
texts within a culture can demand 
different types of behavior. For 
example, a number of professions 
and occupations treat time differ- 
ently. A train conductor and an 
artist hold extremely dissimilar at- 
titudes about the role of time and 
its impact on their work. 

Interpersonal settings also 

make demands on how individ- 
uals organize their activities. 
Whenever two individuals inter- 
act their meeting is governed by 
the amount of time they feel is ap- 
propriate for the exchange. Old 
friends most likely spend much 
more time chatting than would 
casual acquaintances. However, 
when these temporal understand- 
ings are violated by one member 
who prolongs or curtails an in- 
teraction the relationship suffers. 

The value placed on time is 
learned from others. It is trans- 
mitted to members of the society 
by a process referred to as social- 
ization. In the United States chil- 
dren can tell or read time at an 
earlier age than their counterparts 
in other parts of the world. It is 
not unusual to see American chil- 
dren as young as five or six wear- 
ing wrist watches. Many chil- 
dren's books and toys are sold in 
the United States which aid chil- 
dren in learning to tell time. Not 
only do these materials transmit a 
skill (the knowledge necessary to 
be able to read time), they also 
convey a set of attitudes and val- 
ues. One American children's 
book, How To Tell Time, is a prime 
example of this socialization proc- 
ess. In the book a young boy 
named Tommy O'Toole is called 
Tommy-Too-Late by his father be- 
cause he is chronically tardy. The 
family's increasing concern about 
the young boy's lack of punctual- 
ity prompts the father to buy his 
son a watch. With the timepiece 
the boy is never late again. As a 
result, his father begins to call 
him Tommy-On-Time. 

Time consciousness and adher- 
ence to an automatic schedule are 


taught in many different ways in 
America. There are scheduled 
feedings for the infant and desig- 
nated periods for toilet training. 
As early as nursery school, chil- 
dren learn to adjust their behavior 
to different time periods (for ex- 
ample, "snack time" or "rest 
time"). Television, with its regu- 
lated programming, teaches chil- 
dren their favorite programs will 
be available only at a "certain 
time." Finally, children are re- 
warded (with special awards and 
recognition) for being "on time" 
and punished for being tardy or 
"behind time." 

The end result of these social- 
ization efforts is an American 
population composed of individ- 
uals who can readily fit into an in- 
dustrial society. At the psycholog- 
ical level these processes produce 
individuals who regard time as a 
scarce, quantifiable, and highly- 
valued commodity. 

The temporality of social life 
also means that we not only expe- 
rience the passage of time, but 
also the necessity to wait for one 
process to end and another to be- 
gin. The necessity of waiting is an 
inescapable aspect of our lives. 
No one is born with the ability to 
wait appropriately, and children 
have to be schooled to develop 
this capability. 

A critical sociological question 
is "Who waits for whom?" In gen- 
eral, it is clear that in any society, 
waiting time is not equally distrib- 
uted, and questions of power, 
wealth, and status enter into de- 
termining the amount of time any 
individual will have to spend 
waiting. A special aspect of this 
issue is the ecological organiza- 
tion of waiting through such cie- 
vices as lines, queues, or waiting 

Each individual must constantlv 
juggle a variety of times which are 
not always compatible. Society 
lays out a track for persons from 
which they derive appropriate 
timetables and schedules. These 

timetables indicate how long it 
should take to complete various 
activities such as schooling, mar- 
riage, childbearing, and promo- 
tion. When special circumstances 
lead individuals to either move 
faster or slower than these time- 
tables prescribe they are made to 
feel different and abnormal. The 
whole question of endogonous, 
biological time and its relation to 
externally imposed schedules is 
an issue that is receiving increas- 
ing attention. 

As time has come to be seen as 
a limited resource and thus more 
highly valued, a difficult and 
painstaking allotment must be 
made among alternative uses of 
time. The choices an individual 
makes concerning how to utilize 
time becomes a signal to others as 
to what his or her feelings are to- 
ward others. 

Today, individuals occupy 
many different roles which are 
likely to lead to a broad and often 
conflicting array of obligations. If 
individuals adequately fulfill one 
role, their actions may preclude 
the fulfillment of expectations re- 
lated to another role. 

For instance, consider an indi- 
vidual's relationship to his or her 
parents. Everyone has notions 
about how frequently they ought 
to visit parents to express a suit- 
able amount of respect and affec- 
tion. As individuals marry and 
have children, enter a career, 
make friends, join clubs, and at- 
tend classes and meetings, they 
are faced with many conflicting 
obligations. Thus, a decision to go 
home to see parents may be made 
at the expense of some other op- 
tion. If those options are attrac- 
tive, choosing to spend time with 
parents becomes a type of gift and 
a signal about sentiments. How- 
ever, the decision to spend time 
with parents implies less time 
available to other persons who 
may, as a result, interpret the de- 
cision as lack of concern for them. 

Perfectly reasonable people can 
think others do not care for them 

because they do something else 
rather than visit them. For exam- 
ple, a supervisor who spends 
more time per day with one sub- 
ordinate whose work temporarily 
requires closer supervision may 
communicate to other subordi- 
nates, especially if the time with 
them is reduced, that he or she 
cares rnore about what that subor- 
dinate is doing. Mothers who 
have to contend with older chil- 
dren after the addition of a new 
baby are also quite familiar with 
this process. 

A number of different ap- 
proaches have been developed to 
deal with the problem of multiple 
obligations and insufficient time. 
Steffan Linder, a Swedish econo- 
mist, has described this situation 
as "time famine" and argues that 
one of its consequences has been 
the practice of "simultaneous con- 

The popularity of the cocktail 
party as a social institution exem- 
plifies Linder's concept. Accord- 
ing to the economist, the cocktail 
partv is a highlv efficient way of 
exploiting the time allocated for 
social interaction. Along with 
meeting many people and ex- 
changing information, indi\'iduals 
devote time to eating and drink- 
ing. Other examples of simul- 
taneous consumption include 
"the study date," "the business 
lunch," and "the working holi- 

It is important, however, to 
recognize the risks attached to 


maximizing the use of time. Ac- 
celerated and simultaneous con- 
sumption of activities can corrupt 
the use of time and diminish the 
pleasure or enjoyment derived 
from each activity. Thus, at the 
cocktail party, the conversation is 
often superficial, the food unin- 
teresting, and the drinks too 

Another form of coping with 
multiple obligations and insuf- 
ficient time has been to delegate 
some obligations to third parties, 
thereby freeing individuals to at- 
tend to urgent demands. A num- 
ber of occupahons and facilities 
have evolved which are designed 
to help individuals deal with mul- 
tiple and competing obligations. 
Baby sitters, personal secretaries, 
day care centers, food caterers, 
and maid services are some exam- 
ples of these occupations. Cul- 
tural norms, however, may pre- 
vent or inhibit the use of third 
parties to relieve time pressures. 
For example, many women still 
feel a sense of guilt if they dele- 
gate child care to an impersonal 

The invention of labor-saving 
and time-saving instruments has 
further assisted individuals facing 
time scarcity. Consumers can now 
purchase microwave ovens which 
advertisements tout as "work sav- 
ers, time savers, money savers." 
A new Polaroid camera has been 
marketed which cuts developing 
time to two seconds. Presumably, 
the time saved by these devices 
will enable individuals to meet 
more of their obligations. These 
inventions, however, do little to 
alleviate the time pressures peo- 
ple feel since the more time they 
save the more obligations they 
seem to incur. 

As for the expanded leisure 
time predicted two decades ago, it 
has not emerged. Miscalculations 
about the indirect consequences 
of production are primarily re- 
sponsible for the erroneous pre- 
dictions. Society assumed the 
technical efficiency of automation 
would provide more free time. In 
fact, individuals work as much 
now as they did 30 years ago 
since needs, as always, have risen 

along with the level of technol- 

The increasmg level of con- 
sumption has also kept citizens 
busy. In an age of consumerism 
individuals spend more time than 
ever making decisions about what 
to buy. Additional hours are in- 
vested in the buying process. 
Also, in this era of quality control 
where planned obsolescence has 
become an intrinsic feature of 
rational economics, goods require 
increasingly expensive and time- 
consuming maintenance. 

Thus, time has become scarce 
during the past several years be- 
cause it is tied to the growing con- 
sumption of goods and services. 
The latter have, in turn, dimin- 
ished what they were supposed 
to enrich. There is less real leisure 
because individuals now allocate 
so much of their time to consum- 
ing and maintaining (or working 
to maintain) what they consume. 
In other words, modern means of 
production, distribution, and ser- 
vice have given citizens more to 
do in a fixed amount of time. 
However, new demands on an in- 
elastic supply of time can only 
raise its value; hence, the phobia 
of time waste and preoccupation 
with efficient scheduling is per- 
petuated. In this post-industrial 
age of mass consumption, waste 
of time has become a dominant 
source of anxiety. ^^ 

Materiiil for this article was contyibued by Dr. 
Allan Schwartzbaum, associate professor of 
sociology, loho teaches a course in the sociology 
of time at the mui'crsity. 

Illustratum ))!/ /"V ]ohnson 


A message from the president 
about the VCU Annual Fund 

Virginia Commonwealth University has depended 
for some time upon voluntary gift support to 
achieve certain objectives not funded by govern- 
ment resources. With both state and federal funds 
leveling off or decUnrng, we face some challenging 
problems in carrying out our educational mission. 

The university's financial circumstances for the 
foreseeable future demand not only sound manage- 
ment but creative management of our educational 
and administrative affairs. This we will do. The 
degree to which we succeed as a university of 
excellence will depend in no small measure upon 
the level of voluntary gift support from our 
alumni and friends. 

A key ingredient in our fund-raising plans is 
the VCU Annual Fund. Gifts to the fund support 
current operations and allow flexibility in manag- 
ing the educational affairs of the university. 

It is our goal to build the VCU Annual Fund 
substantially over the next few years. We must 
have an expanded source of funds upon which 
we can rely each year to help us meet the chal- 
lenges we face. 

I hope you will be part of this endeavor. 

Edmund F. Ackell, D.M.D., M.D. 

Summary of the VCU Annual Fund 

Contributions to the 1981-82 Virginia Common- 
wealth University Annual Fund totaled $275,592.01. 
Alumni contributions increased nearly 29 percent 
when compared with 1980-81. This year, alumni 
gave $146,635.90, a figure which reflects just sUghtly 
over 53 percent of the total contributions. Fourteen 
percent of the contributions to the fund came from 
corporations and businesses, while non-alumni 
gave another 11 percent. General welfare founda- 

tions provided the university with just under 10 
percent of its Annual Fund dollars for 1981-82. 

The tables below provide additional statistical 
information about the Annual Fund, contributors, 
and the areas to which contributions were given. 
Unrestricted gifts, those which are not designated 
for specific purposes, are used throughout the 
university where needs are greatest. 

Amount Contributed 






Non- Alumni Individuals 



Business & Corporations 



Religious Groups 



General Welfare Foundations 



Other Groups & Sources 












Non-Alumni Individuals 



Business & Corporations 



Religious Groups 



General Welfare Foundations 



Other Groups & Sources 






Gifts by Purpose 








School of Allied Health Professions 




School of the Arts 




College of Humanities and Sciences 




School of Basic Sciences 




School of Business 




School of Community and Public Affairs 




School of Dentistry 




School of Education 




School of Medicine 




School of Nursing 




School of Pharmacy 




School of Social Work 




Medical College of Virginia 












Roll of Donors 

We appreciate and gratefully acknowledge the 
support of alumni, friends, corporations, and 
organizations who contributed to the 1981-82 VCU 
Annual Fund. Their names are listed in the pages of 
this report. 

While we have made every attempt to assure 
accuracy in this roll of donors, we apologize for any 
omissions or oversights. If errors have occurred, we 
would appreciate their being brought to our atten- 

Please report such information to 

VCU Annual Fund 

Virginia Commonwealth University 

828 West Franklin Street 

Richmond, VA 23284 

(804) 257-1233 

Miss Deborah A. Atno 
Mr. Sunder S. Atri 
Mr. Gene W. Augsburger 
Mrs. Hannah R. Aurbach 
Mr. Gabriel G. Auricles 
Dr. Gary V. Avakian 
Mrs. Frances J. Ay lor 


Abbott Laboratories Fund 
Mr. William H. Abeloff 
Mr. Jimmie B. Ahernathy 
Mr. William F. Abernathy 
Dr. Steven ]. Abramedis 
Dr. Edmund F. Ackell 
Dr. William Ackerman 
Mrs. Arizona R. Acors 
Acoustics and Interior 

Construction, Inc. 
Mr. Stephen G. Acree 
Capt. and Mrs. Robert C. Acuff 
Mr. Carlton M. Adams 
Mrs. Cula M. Adams 
Dr. James B. Adams 
Mrs. Marjorie B. Adams 
Mrs. Mary A. Adams 
Mr. Stanley V. Adams 
Adams & Yarbrough 
Mr. Henry W. Addington, Jr. 
Mrs. Lara G. Addison 
Miss Jeanie L. Adkerson 
Mr. Hener B. Agnew 
Dr. Oscar Aguilo 
Mr. Hee D. Ahn 
Mr. and Mrs. Richard W. 

Mr. Isaac O. Ajijola 
Mrs. Connie C. Akers 
Mrs. Jennifer P. Akers 
Mrs. Carolyn H. Albert 
Alco Standard Foundation 
Dr. Edward H. Alderman 
Dr. Gregg A. Alexander 
Dr. Linden O. Alexander 
Dr. Wayne P. Alexander 
Dr. and Mrs. David F. Alexick 
Dr. B. Randolph Allen 
Dr. Benjamin R. Allen, Jr. 
Mr. Dennis W. Allen 
Mrs. Dorothy J. Allen 
Dr. Hayden P. Allen 
Dr. Herbert C, Allen, Jr. 

Mr. Herman L. Allen 

Mr. James L. Allen 

Miss Mae E. Allen 

Mrs. Margaret W. Allen 

Miss Mary J. Allen 

Mrs. Patricia M. Allen 

Mr. Patrick Allen 

Mrs. Nancy M. Alley 

Allied Foundation 

Dr. Fred G. Alouf, Jr. 

Dr. Guy L. Alphin 

Dr. John A. Altobelli 

Mrs. Heath S. Altsman 

Dr. J. Wilson Ames, Jr. 

Dr. John W. Ames, Jr. 

Dr. Edward S. Amrhein 

Arthur Andersen & Company 

Dr. A. Robert Anderson, Jr. 
Mr. F. Spencer Anderson, III 
Mr. R, David Anderson 
Dr. Ralph L. Anderson 
Mr. Michael A. Andreoli 
Mrs. Fay L. Andrews 
Mr. Joseph P. Andrews 
Miss Julie H. Andrews 
Mrs. Kathleen H. Andrews 
Miss Susan Andrews 
Mr. Edward M. Anusbigian 
Ms. Lura M. Apt 
Armco Foundation 
Mr. Lee B. Armistead 
Dr. R. Lewis Armistead, III 
Dr. Richard T. Arnest, Jr. 
Mrs. Violet W. Arnold 
Dr. Antoine A. Arrage 
Mrs. Blanche S. Arrington 
Mrs. Lois F. Arundel 
Dr. J. Duncan Ashe, II 
Dr. James T. Ashwell 
Dr. Harold B. Ashworth 
Dr. Ronald L. Askowitz 
Associations for Systems 

Mrs. Mildred S. Atkins 
Dr. Richard L. Atkinson, Jr. 
Miss Teresa A. Atkinson 
Atlantic Rural Exposition, Inc. 

Mrs. Joan W. Bache 

Mrs. Alma C. Baetz 

Mr, David E. Bagby, Jr. 

Mr. Carlton J. Bagley, Jr. 

Mr. Charles E. Bailey, II 

Mr. William L. Bailey, Jr. 

Dr. James H. Baird 

Dr. Alton W. Baker 

Mr. Charles A. Baker 

Mr. and Mrs. Douglas M. Baker 

Estate of Dr. and Mrs. Edgar D. 

Dr. Everett W. Baker 
Mrs. Louis F. Baker 
Mrs. Mary S. Baker 
Mrs. Pat O. Baker 
Mr. Wayne A. Baker 
Mr. and Mrs. WilUam L. Baker 
Mr. Stanley R. Balderson 
Mrs. Elaine R. Baldini 
Mr. Richard E. Ballard, Jr. 
Dr. C. L. Baltimore 
Ms. Betsy A. Bampton 
Bank of Virginia Trust Company 
Bank of Virginia Volunteer 

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Ms. Elaine M. Barbour 
Dr. E. A. Barham 
Dr. Thomas C. Barker 
Mr. Edward D. Barlow 
Dr. George P. Barnes, III 
Mrs. Frances K. Barnett 
H. Barnett Fabrics, Ltd. 
Mr. Harvey A. Barnett, Jr. 
Mr, James C. Barnett 
Miss Kathleen J. Barnett 
Dr. Carol B. Barr 
Dr. Randall G. Barre 
Mrs. Judith S. Barry 
Mr. Philip Barry, Jr. 
Mr. and Mrs. David R. Bartlow 
Dr. Samuel L. Barton 
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Dr. H. R. Bates, Jr. 
Dr. Louisa S. Batman 
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Mrs. Margaret M. Beattie 
Mr. Bruce L. Beaudin 
Beaumont Learning Center 

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Dr. and Mrs, Ralph E. Beck 
Mr. Robert J. Beck 

Mr. Herman E. Becker 
Dr. William H. Becker 
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Mr. and Mrs. George A. Bell 
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Mr. and Mrs. John H. Bell 
Miss Mary Sue Bell 
Miss Nell Bell 
Dr. Richard P. Bellaire 
Mrs. Ann R. Bellemore 
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Dr. Robert P. Bethea 
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Dr. David P. Beverly 
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Mr, and Mrs. J. Dale Bimson 
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Bodell, Jr. 

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Cdr. Henry C. Boschen, Jr. 
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Dr. James S. Bowman, III 
Dr. John I. Bowman, Jr. 
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Dr. H. R. Boyd, Jr.' 
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Miss M. Sharon Brady 
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Dr. David W. Branch 
Dr. Philip H. Brandt 
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Mr. Henry C. Brown, Jr. 
Mr. Jacob Brown 
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Mr. Larry Brown 
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Dr. Raymond S. Brown 

Mr. Steven M. Brown 

Miss Susan E. Brown 

Ms. Susie M. Brown 

Dr. Peter V. Browne 

Mrs. Teresa A. Browne 

Mr. Roy H. Browning, Jr. 

Dr. Herman W. Brubaker 

Dr. Richard T. Bruce, Jr. 

Dr. William M. Bruch 

Mr. Donald C. Bruegman 

Mrs. Katherine T. Brumble 

Mr. Archie T. Bruns 

Mr. David F. Bryant 

Col. Harold F. Bryant, Sr. 

Mrs. Mary C. Bryant 

Mrs. Helen T. Bryce 

Mr. Robert G. Buchanan 

Mr. Dennis R. Buck 

Mrs. Carol L. Buck-Rolland 

Dr. Leigh C. Budwell 

Mrs. Ann S. Buford 

Mr. John M. Buhl 

Mr. Michael H. Bulls 

Miss Susie S. Bunch 

Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Bunzl 

Dr. Paul Burbank, Jr. 

Dr. Charles D. Burch, III 

Ms. Frances M. Burckard 

Dr. M. G. Burdette 

Mr. Doug Burford 

Dr. James O. Burke 

Leo Burke Furniture, Inc. 

Dr. Thomas E. Burke 

Dr. Oliver L. Burkett, Jr. 

Mr. Alfred L. Burkholder 

Mr. Lawrence F. Burleigh, Jr. 

Burlington Industries 

Mrs. Alice T. Burnett 
Miss Sherry L. Burnett 
Dr. and Mrs. Bobby D. Burnette 
Mr. Allan I. Burnstine 
Mr. Benjamin A. Burrell 
Burroughs Wellcome Company 
Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. 

Burrus, Jr. 
Mr. James W. Burton, Jr. 
Mr. John H. Burton 
Mr. and Mrs. T. Neal Burton, II 
Dr. James R. Busch 
Mr. Robert C. Busch 
Mr. Nathan Bushnell, III 
Mrs. Harriet W. Buss 
Mr. Lawrence A. Bussard 
Dr. James H. Butler 
Mr. L. W. Butler 
Butler Manufacturing Company 

Mrs. Mildred M. Butler 
Butler, Tarrson Dental Research 

Mr. John L. Butner 
Mrs. Patricia M. Butner 
Dr. Ernest P. Buxton, Jr. 
Mrs. Nina E. Buzby 
Dr. Baxter H. Byerly 
Mrs. Dianne W. Bvnum 
Dr. Allison D. Byrd 
Mrs. Barbara J. Byrd 
Ms. Helen O. Byrd 
Dr. John A. Byrd, III 
Mrs. Sue K. Byrd 
Mrs. Elizabeth O. Bvrum 


C & P Telephone Company 
Dr. Timothy D. Cablish 
Mrs. Lillie R. Cain 
Miss Ruth A. Cain 
Mr. and Mrs. John I. Caldwell 
Mr. George B. Caley, III 
Mr. Robert S. Callahan, Jr. 
Mr. L. D. Callans, Jr. 
Camp Foundation 
Mr. Lynn W. Camp 
Mr. Richard C. Camp 
Mr. Andrew B. Campbell, Jr. 
Mr. K. Norman Campbell 
Dr. Ruth W. Campbell 
Mrs. Susan B. Campbell 
Mr. Warren G. Campbell 
Dr. J. Ervin Cannon, Jr. 
Miss Mary L. Cannoy 
Mrs. Carol B. Cantrell 
Miss Sallie L. Cantrell 
Mrs. Eliza A. Caperton 
Mr. Paul G. Caplan 
Dr. Charles M. Caravati 
Mrs. Charles P. Cardwell, Jr. 
Mr. F. Wayne Carey 
Mr. Ralph N. Carino 
Mr. Randolph R. Carlisle 
Dr. Walter J. Carmoney, Jr. 
Mrs. Charlotte C. Carnes 
Miss Claudia A. Carpenter 
Mr. E. M. Carpenter 
Mr. John M. Carpenter, Jr. 
Miss June C. Carpenter 
Dr. Robert E. Carr 
Dr. Clyde N. Carroll 
Ms. M. Ruth Carson 
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Ms. Mary Ellen Krug Case 
Dr. Catherine S. Casey 
Ms. Karen P. Cash 
Dr. Lawrence H. Cash 
Mr. Donald F. Caskie 
Mrs. Emilv L. Cassity 
Mr. Richard H. Catlett, Jr. 
Dr. and Mrs. C. Whitney 

Caulkins, Jr. 
Mrs. Catherine Cauthorne 
Dr. F. Allen Cavedo, Jr. 
Mr. F. Allen Cavedo, III 
Mr. Mario L. Cavezza 
Mr. Donald E. Centrone 
Century 21 Real Estate 

Corporation of Virginia, Inc. 
Mr. Clinton N. Chadbourne 
Dr. Jaime E. Chamorro 
Dr. A. C. Chandler 
Mr. Gary N. Chandler 
Miss Betsy L. Chappell 
Dr. Donald L. Chastain 
Mr. John H. Chaulklin, Jr. 
Ms. June L. Cheelsman 
Dr. Melvin D. Childers, Jr. 
Mrs. Harriet G. Chinn 
Dr. Joe D. Christian, Jr. 
Miss Dorothy V. Churn 
Dr. Stephen P. Cicinato 
Mr. James W. Cieslak 
Dr. Dante Ciolfi 
Mrs. Andrea R. Clapp 
Dr. Deborah G. Clapp 
Dr. Gene E. Clapsaddle 
Mr. Daniel P. Clark 

Dr. R. Lee Clark, Jr. 

Dr. Richard F. Clark 

Mr. Samuel K. Clark 

Dr. W. E. Clark, Sr. 

Mrs. Bernadine A. Clarke 

Mrs. Frances H. Clarke 

Dr. Jerry C. Clarke 

Miss Marilou A. Clarke 

Dr. Oscar W. Clarke, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. William E. Clarke 

Mr. Carroll E. Clary 

Dr. Phillips L. Claud 

Mrs. Margaret R. Clay 

Dr. and Mrs. Dennis P. 

Claypool, Jr. 
Mr. Curtis A. Clayton 
Mr. Herbert J. Clegg 
Dr. and Mrs. Boyd M. Clements 
Mr. Boyd S. Clements 
Mr. David W. Clements 
Mrs. Panchita D. Cline 
Ms. Martha L. Cloe 
Mr. Robert W. Clyburn 
Mrs. Ann R. Coates 
Mr. Edward L. Coberly 
Dr. E. Lemoyne Coffield 
Mrs. Ann N. Coffin 
Dr. Edward N. Coffman 
Mrs. Peggy A. Cohen 
Dr. Robert J. Cohen 
Mrs. Nancy S. Colby 
Mr. Calvin L. Coleman, Jr. 
Dr. Morton Coleman 
Dn William A. Coleman 
Mrs. Carlton C. Collier 
Mr. James E. Collier 
Dr. Richard D. Collier 
Dr. Christopher A. Collingwood 
Mrs. Elaine J. Collins 
Mr. Howard Colon 
Dr. Juan N. Colon 
Mr. Keith W. Colonna 
Dr. Patrick B. Colvard 
Commonwealth Aquatic 

Club — Rams 
Dr. Joseph A. Concodora 
Mrs. Mae Belle W. Condit 
Mrs. Blanche S. Connell 
Mr. Leroy J. Connell, Jr. 
Mrs. Virginia M. Connelly 
Mrs. Beverly H. Conner 
Mrs. Shelley F. Conroy 
The Continental Group, Inc. 
Miss Martha B. Conway 
Mr. David L. Cook 
Mrs. Jean G. Cook 
Mrs. Mary P. Cook 
Dr. S. S. Cook 
Dr. Samuel L. Cooke 
Mrs. Janet C. Coon 
Mr. O. William Coon, III 
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Dr. Stephan M. Cooper 
Coopers & Lybrand Foundation 
Mrs. Lucille B. Coopersmith 
Dr. and Mrs. Charles W. 

Dr. L. B. Copenha\er 
Mr. Jerry L. Copley 
Mr. Craig L. Cordell 
Cordis Dow Corporation 
Mrs. Christine C. Cornett 
Dr. Fred B. Cornett 
Dr. William R. Cornette 
Dr. Constance C. Corsino 
Mr. W. J. Cosby 
Mr. and Mrs. Ralph L. 

Costen, Jr. 

Miss Elizabeth S. Coston 
Mr. Edwin C. Gotten 
Mr. Joseph M. Cottrell 
Mr. Michael W. Cottrell 
Mr. and Mrs. Stephen C. 

Coury Distributors, Inc. 
Mr. Gerald P. Goury 
Mrs. Jeannette B. Coury 
Mr. Chester L. Cousins, Jr. 
Mrs. Annie T. Cowardin 
Dr. Alexander M. Cox 
Mrs. Bobbie H. Cox 
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Mrs. Maleda T. Cox 
Mr. Mark C. Cox 
Mrs. Mary E. Cox 
Mrs. Susan W. Cox 
Dr. Wiley H. Gozart 
Mrs. Karen Z. Grabb 
Mr. D. F. Moore Craig 
Mr. James H. Craig 
Dr. Oscar W. Granz 
Miss Julie A. Crawford 
Mrs. Patricia B. Crawford 
Mr. John W. Creasy 
Credit Adjustment Board, Inc. 
Dr. Kenneth D. Grippen 
Dr. John P. Crisp 
Mr. Bruce H. Grispell 
Dr. William W. Crittenden, Jr. 
Mrs. Bettye B. Crocker 
Mr. John E. Crockett 
Mrs. Carolyn Cromwell 
Mr. Donald G. Gronan 
Mrs. Ellen D. Cross 
Dr. and Mrs. Steven W. Cross 
Mrs. Helen H. Crossley 
Dr. Byron P. Crow 
Mr. William L. Crow 
Ms. Dorothy S. Growder 
Mrs. Jane S. Growder 
Mr. Robert V. Growder, III 
Mr. T. Douglas Crowe, Jr. 
Dr. Benjamin T. Cullen 
Mrs. Mildred H. Gulpeper 
Mr. and Mrs. James L. 

Mr. William H. Cunningham 
Mrs. Suzanne M. Curtin 
Mr. Raymond T. Curtis 
Mr. Thomas J. Curtis 
Mrs. Patricia B. Gushnie 
Mr. S. James Cutler 
Dr. Charles L. Cuttino, III 


Dr. Ray A. Dail 
The Daily Press, Inc. 
Mr. Frank E. Dalton 
Mr. Mark A. Dalton 
Mr. Don R. Dame 
Rev. J. Charles Dameron 
Mrs. Alease L. Daniel 
Dr. Crowell T. Daniel, Jr. 
Dr. John G. Daniel 
Mr. Robert W. Daniel, Jr. 
Mr. Ronald W. Daniel 
Miss Anna Maria D'Antonio 
Dr. Craig R. Darcy 
Dr. James R. Darden, Jr. 
Mrs. Verna T. Darlington 
Dr. Guy W. Daugherty 
Mr. and Mrs. David W. 
Davia, Jr. 

Ms. Nancy S. David 

Mrs. Helen M. Davidson 

Dr. Bertha M. Davis 

Mr, Carle E. Davis 

Mr. George Davis 

Mr. Hugh J. Davis 

Mr. J. Robert Davis, Jr. 

Miss Kimberly M. Davis 

Dr. Loyd A. Davis 

Mr. Michael G. Davis 

Mr. O. Allen Davis 

Dr. Philip M. Davis, II 

Dr. Bertha M. Davis-Clark 

Mr. John M. Deagan 

Dr. Robert N. DeAngelis 

Mr. Joseph D. DeCaprio 

Dr. Mary J. de Carvalho 

Mrs. Thelma N. Deeb 

Dr. Stewart A. Deekens, Jr. 

Mr. Michael B. Deel 

Dr. Anthony A. Deep, Jr. 

Dr. William D. Deep 

Mr. John F. Degen 

Dr. Rufus M. DeHart, Jr. 

Dr. Hilda G. de la Noceda 

Mr. David L. Dellinger 

Mr. Steven R. DeLonga 

Mr. Joseph L. DeLuca 

Mr. Dominick DeMarco 

Mr. Johannes F. Demmink 

Mr. and Mrs. David R. Dennier 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas E. DeWitt 

Dr. William A. Deyerle 

Mrs. Clara B. Deyton 

Mr. Stephen Y. Dickinson 

Mrs. Judy L. Dietrick 

Dr. S. Booker Dillard 

Dr. James G. Dimitris 

Mr. and Mrs. Daniel F. 

Dr. Antonio G. DiSanto 
Dr. Solomon Disick 
Miss Mary Ruth Divine 

Mr. H. Eugene Dix, III 
Dr. Joseph M. Dixon 
Dr. John J. Dobbie 
Dr. Joseph G. DoBoy 

Ms. Jane M. Dobyns 

Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Dockery 

Ms. Cynthia D. Doctoroff 

Mr. Edward G. Dolan 

Mrs. Alice D. Dole 

Dr. Franklin J. Dolly 

Dr. James M. Donaghy 

Mr, David K. Donin 

Dr. Rodney D. Dorinson 

Dr. John G. Dos well, II 

Mrs. Caroline N. Dott 

Ms. Clarice U. Dougherty 

Mrs. Joan D, Douglass 

Mr, W, Birch Douglass 

Mr. W, Birch Douglass, III 

Dr, James G, Dowd, Jr, 

Mr, Edward K, Downs 

Mrs. Isabel J. Dowrick 

Ms. Mary G. F. Dowrick 

Miss Debra A, Doyle 

Mr. H. Joseph Drannen 

Mr. Mark S. Dray 

Dr, Robert A, Dreelin 

Mr, Kenneth O. Drees 

Mr. David G. Dreis 

Miss Shirley A. Dreyer 

Mr. F. Gordon Drumheller 

Mrs. Catherine J, Dudley 

Mrs, Ann M, Duffer 

Mrs, Ann L, Duke 

Mr. Albert R. Dulaney 

Dr. and Mrs. Richard J, Duma 

Miss M. Teresa Dumouchelle 
Mr, Cameron Duncan 
Dr. and Mrs. Leo J, Dunn 
Ms, Kathy L, Dunnavant 
Mr, Kevin R, Dunne 
Dr, G, H, Dunnington 
Dr. W, DuPont 
Mrs, Theresa J. Duprey 
Mr, Edward M, Durand 
Dr, Jerry S. Durkowski 
Ms. Susanne H. Durling 
Mr. Christopher T, Durrer 
Dr, Robert E, Dutton, Jr. 
Mr, Douglas M, Dwyer 
Dr. J. Henry Dwyer 
Dr. Raymond D, Dyer, Jr, 
Mrs, Reva G. Dyer 
Mrs. Thelma E, Dyer 

Miss Joan E, Eanes 
Mr, Clifford C. Earl 
Mrs, Kimberlee M, Early 
Dr. Roy L. Earp 
Dr. Charles A. Easley, Jr. 
Dr. George W. Easley 
Mr. Mitchell L. Easter 
Mr. Allan A. Eastman 
Mrs. Emma S. Eaves 
Mrs. Patricia S, Eby 
Mrs, Catherine C, Eckel 
Jack Eckerd Drug Company 
Mrs. Virginia L. Eckert 
Mr. G. David Eddleman 
Dr, Wallace W, Edens 
Mr, James S, Edmonson 
Mrs, Louise E, Edmunds 
Miss Brenda Edwards 
Dr, Earle E, Edwards, III 
Mrs. Elizabeth W. Edwards 
Mrs. Etta P. Edwards 
Dr, Hugh S, Edwards 
Miss Katherine D, Edwards 
Dr, Wallace S, Edwards 
Mr, and Mrs. William O, 

Dr, William P, Edwards, Jr, 
Mrs. Dorothy T Efta 
Mrs. Lois F, Einhorn 
Miss Ruth M, Elam 
Mr, Randolph D, Eley, Jr. 
Miss Ursula Elfers 
Dr. Mohamed El Gohary 
Dr. Elaine T. Eliezer 
Dr. Rufus P. Ellett, Jr. 
Dr. Susan E. Ellett 
Mr. E. William Elliott, Jr. 
Dr. Rodney G. Elliott 
Dr. W. G, Elliott 
Mrs, Jessie L. Ellis 
Ms. Julia B. Ellis 
Mr. David C. Elmore 
Mrs. Ruby E. Elmore 
Mrs. Susan B. Elrod 
Dr. George F. Elsasser 

Dr. Robert N. Emory 

Dr. Milton Ende 

Dr, Norman Ende 

Mr, Kenneth L. Ender 

Mr, Harry E. Eney, III 

Mr. Deen E. Entsminger 

Mr. John F. Eppick 

Mr, John J. Erdman 

Mr. Carl E. Ergenbright 

Mr. Dennis L. Ernest 

Dr. Henry E. Ernst 

Ernst & Whinney Foundation 

Mrs, Sarah P, Erwin 

Dr, Walter A, Eskridge 

Ms, Susan E, Esposti 

Mr. Robert J. Ess 

Ms. Rosa M. Esteve 

Ethyl Corporation 

Dr. Blackwell B. Evans 

Dr. Edward J. Evans 

Mr. Mark W. Evans 

Mrs. Mary G. Evans 

Mr. William W, Everett 

Dr. and Mrs, George E, Ewart 

Exxon Education Foundation 

Dr, Gerald A, Ezekiel, Jr. 


Lt, Gdr. Ruth E, Fabian 
Ms. Cathy J, Faehl 
Mr, Robert J, Fagg, Jr. 
Mr. John A. Fagot, Jr. 
Miss Joan Fain 
Dr. Robert S. Faircloth 
Mrs. Virginia G, Fairman 
Far East Luncheon Group 
Miss Anne Farley 
Miss Jamison H, Farmer 
Mr, Richard E, Farmer 
Dr, D. I. Farnsworth 
Mildred M. Fatherree 

Mrs. Bertha P, Faust 
Mrs, Margaret F, Faust 
Dr, Belle D, Fears 
Mrs, Jan H. Feazell 
Federal Paper Board Company, 

Dr. Andrew M. Fekete 

Mr. Alvin D. Felgar 

Mrs. Etta D, Felvey 

Dr, E, Raymond Fenton 

Miss Wilda M. Ferguson 

Dr. William P. Fernald 

Mr. and Mrs. Mark E. Fetter 

Mrs, Rebecca B, Fewell 

Fidelity Union Life Insurance 

Mr, James L. Fields 

Mr. Harry B. Fieldston 

Final 4 Club, Inc. 

Mr. R. P. Finall 

Dr. Nancy Kaye M. Finch 

Fine, Fine, Legum & Fine 

Dr. Douglas H. Finestone 

Ms. Merilyn L, Finn 

First & Merchants National Bank 

First & Merchants National 
Bank, Employees Benefits 

First Virginia Banks, Inc. 

Mrs. Catherine M. Fischer 

Mrs. Faye C. Fishback 

Dr. Dorothy Fisher 

Dr. and Mrs. Jeffrey M. Fisher 

Dr. Richard L. Fisher 
Mr. Stevan T. Fisher 
Mr. Steven P. Fisher 
Mr. John L. Fitzgerald 
Dr. Thomas J. Fitzgerald 
Dr. William B. Fitzhugh 
Dr. H. D. Fitzpatrick 
Dr. Hugh Fitzpatrick, HI 
Mrs. JoAnn K. Flanagan 
Mr. Paul H. Flanagan 
Mr. and Mrs. Robert H. 

Flatford, III 
Dr. Herman J. Flax 
Mr. Charles P. Fleet 
Mrs. Beverly L. Fleming 
Ms. Carolyn C. Fleming 
Dr. Harry B. Fleming 
Miss Suzanne Fleming 
Dr. and Mrs. Arnold P. Fleshood 
Mrs. Joyce B. Fletcher 
Mr. Philip E. Flora 
Mr. George H. Flowers, 111 
Dr. John M. Floyd 
Mr. Errol R. Flynn 
Mrs. Elizabeth C. Foard 
Mr. James C. Foege 
Mr. Arthur P. Foley 
Mrs. Sandra R. Foote 
Mr. Charles O. Fore 
Mr. George E. Foresman 
Dr. Eric A. Foretich 
Miss Jody Forman 
Dr. James H. Forsee, Jr. 
Mrs. Helen M. Fortenberry 
Mrs. Mary-Margaret C. Fosmark 
Mr. J. Randolph Fowler 
Dr. R. H. Fowlkes 
Dr. George S. Fox 
Mr. James D. Fox 
Miss Janet A. Fox 
Mrs. Maude L. Fox 
Dr. Robert T. Fraker 
Mr. and Mrs. Frederic D. Fraley 
Mr. Charles Francis 
Mr. James T. Francis 
Mrs. Shirley F. Francisco 
Ms. Patricia C. Franco 
Mrs. Brenda D. Frank 
Mr. and Mrs. Richard D. Frank 
Dr. Nicholas Frankel 
Franklin Service Corporation 
Mr. I. J. Fratkin 
Mrs. Jean L. Frawner 
Dr. Arthur B. Frazier 
Dr. Claude A. Frazier 
Dr. W. H. Frazier, III 
Dr. Robert A. Frederick 
Dr. Ivan G. Freed 
Mr. Robert L. Freed 
Mr. James D. Freeman 
Mrs. Margaret S. Freeman 
Dr. Robert F. Freeman 
Dr. A. J. Fressola 
Mrs. Elizabeth S. Frey 
Dr. Eugenie M. Fribourg 
Mrs. Eleanor S. Friedenberg 
Dr. and Mrs. William N. 

Mrs. Dolores V. Friend 
Mrs. Ramona S. Friend 
Miss Carol J. Froehlich 
Dr. Henry D. Froneberger 
Mrs. Frances S. Frost 
Dr. William Y. Fu 
Dr. James E. Fulghum 
Dr. John B. Fuller 
Miss Nancy Q. Fulton 
Mrs. Jane W. Furhman 
Mr. Douglas K. Futrell 


Dr. Preston H. Gada 

Mrs. Jane C. Gaftney 

Mrs. Curtura W. Gaines 

Mr. George R. Gaines 

Mrs. Debra S. Galarowicz 

Mrs. Addie H. Gale 

Dr. James C. Gale 

Mr. John W. Gallagher, Jr. 

Mrs. Sara P. Gallant 

Mrs. Virginia D. Galli 

Mr. William P. Gamble 

Dr. Alan J. Gamsey 

Dr. Antonio G. Gandia 

Dr. James Q. Gant, Jr. 

Mr. Donald C. Garabedian 

Dr. William H. Garbee 

Dr. E. C. Garber, Jr. 

Mrs. Jane K. Garber 

Dr. James L. Gardner 

Mrs. Lillian M. Gardner 

Dr. Raymond J. Gardner 

Ms. Cecily L. Garka 

Dr. Glenn E. Garland 

Miss Teresa A. Garland 

Ms. Marilyn P. Garlick 

Ms. Marea S. Garmon 

Mr. James R. Garner, III 

Mrs. Sharon B. Garnett 

Dr. William Y. Garrett 

Dr. Jack S. Garrison 

Mr. Robert E. Garrison 

Mrs. Elizabeth W. Garthwright 

Dr. Samuel E. Gaskins 

Miss Sandra E. Gates 

Mr. and Mrs. Harold M. 

Dr. Cloyd B. Gatrell 
Gary, Stosch, Walls & Company 
Dr. Hunter M. Gaunt, Jr. 
Dr. R. Ashton Gay 
Dr. Thomas C. Gay 
Dr. Sigsby W. Gayle 
Dr. Frank W. Gearing, Jr. 
Dr. Ragnit Geeraets 
Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. George 
Dr. Theodore George 
Mr. William R. Gerber 
Dr. Herbert Gershherg 
Mrs. Bertha B. Gerteisen 
Mr. James A. Gibbons 
Miss Hilda Gibbs 
Mrs. Karole F. Gibson 
Dr. Roger D. Gifford 
Mrs. Jeanne A. Gill 
Dr. Darrell K. Gilliam 
Miss Marjorie A. Gilman 
Dr. R. Arthur Gindin 
Dr. Frederick T. Given, Jr. 
Mr. Benjamin A. Gladstone 
Dr. M. David Gladstone 
Mr. William L. Gleason 
Dr. R. O. Glenn 
Dr. Clarence K. Glover, Jr. 
Mr. Timothv A. Glynn 
Dr. Clyde E. Godbold 
Ms. Katharine S. Godsey 
Ms. Judith W. Godwin 
Mrs. Blair P. Goff 
Mr. Donald B. Goff 
Mr. Thomas W. Goggin 
Mrs. Linda Z. Goldberg 
Dr. Marc A. Goldberg 
Ms. Anna Lou C. Goldblatt 
Dr. Jeffrey S. Goldblatt 

Mrs. Ruth H. Goldfarb 

Dr. Jack J. Goldman 

Mr. and Mrs. Albert Goldstein 

Dr. Anne S. Goldston 

Dr. Edgar C. Goldston 

Mr. and Mrs. David Goodall, Sr. 

Dr. Thomas V. Goode, Jr. 

Goodman and Company 

Mrs. Anne N. Goodman 

Dr. Julius T Goodman 

Mr. Channing H. Gordon 

Mr. Louis V. Gordon, Jr. 

Mr. J. Allen Gorman 

Mrs. Virginia P. Goslee 

Mr. J. William Gossip 

Miss Emily J. Gotich 

Dr. L. Lynton Goulder, Jr. 

Dr. William S. Grabeel 

Dr. Arnold B. Graboyes 

Dr. Ota T. Graham, Jr. 

Dr. Patrick G. Graham 

Dr. Lawrence T Grand 

Dr. and Mrs. Stuart V. Grandis 

Dr. Kathryn E. Grant 

Dr. A. Broaddus Gravatt, jr. 

Ms. Joan P. Graves 

Mr. WUliam A. Gravett 

Mrs. Barbara C. Gray 

Ms. Irene M. Gray 

Mr. W. W. Gray 

Mr. William R. Gray 

Mrs. Mary N. Green 

Dr. Richard K. Green 

Mrs. Sue C. Green 

Mr. Irving Greenberg 

Mr. Allan B. Greene 

Mr. Frank L. Greene, Jr. 

Dr. Joseph M. Greene 

Mr. and Mrs. Larry D. Greene 

Dr. Sanford A. Greenhouse 

Mr. Mark W. Greenstreet 

Mrs. Louise K. Greer 

Dr. P. G. Gregoriou 

Dr. Carlyle Gregory 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. Gregory 

Dr. Rosemarie Greyson-Fleg 

Ms. Margaret T Griffin 

Miss Sarah A. Griffiths 

Dr. William P. Grigsby 

Dr. William R. Grigsby 

Mr. and Mrs. Michael P. Grim 

Mrs. Deborah H. Grisnik 

Dr. William S. Grizzard 

Mr. and Mrs. W. Roy 

Grizzard, Jr. 
Ms. Carol R. Grkovic 
Dr. Frank T. Grogan, III 
Miss Caren S. Gross 
Mr. Alex Grossman 
Dr. Steven H. Grossman 
Dr. Walter L. Grubb, Jr. 
Mr. J. Michael Grubbs 
Mrs. Deborah A. Grumbine 
Mr. Hunter A. Grumbles 
Mrs. Margaret A. Gruner 
Ms. Marie O. Guasco 
Mr. Stephen A. Gudas 
Dr. James R. Gudger 
Miss Peggi A. Guenter 
Gulf Oil Foundation 
Ms. Eva M. Gulvas 
Mr. John W. Gumprich 
Mr. C. Thomas Guthrie, Jr. 
Mr. William T. Guthrow 
Dr. Joseph A. Gwiazdowski 


Miss Rochelle V. Habeck 
Dr. Chester E. Haberlin 
Dr. William R. Habor 
Dr. John F. Hacker 
Dr. Hanns C. Haesslein 
Mr. Robert W. Hafling 
Dr. Cornelius E. Hagan, Jr. 
Ms. Patrice W. Hage 
Mrs. Sharon P. Hageman 
Mr. Brett W. Hagen 
Mrs. Lily W. Hagen 
Mrs. Linda J. Hager 
Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. 

Dr. and Mrs. William J, 

Hagood, Jr. 
Mr. Lonnie P. Hale 
Dr. B. Keith Haley, Jr. 
Dr. B. M. Haley 
Mr. David L. Haley 
Mr. James M. Haley 
Mrs. Betty H. Hall 
Dr. C. Bemis Hall 
Mr. Forrest A. Hall 
Dr. J. Curtis Hall 
Dr. S. Guy Hall 
Dr. Wayne C. Hall 
Dr. J. L. Hamner 
Dr. Philip E. Hamrick 
Mr. Edward H. Hancock 
Hanover Learning Center 
Dr. Echols A. Hansbarger, Jr. 
Miss Mary E. Hapala 
Dr. Andrew W. Haraway, Jr. 
Lt. Russell D. Harbaugh 
Dr. Edith L. Hardie 
Mrs. Lu Alice H. Harding 
Dr. Richard E. Hardy 
Dr. Thomas G. Hardy, Jr. 
Ms. Mary Anne Hare 
Mr. Peter Harholdt 
Dr. William H. Hark 
Mr. John F. Harlan, Jr. 
Mr. Bernard L. Harlow 
Miss Patricia A. Harnois 
Mr. R. Stanley Harpine 
Dr. Austin B. Harrelson 
Dr. William H. Harriman, Jr. 
Mr. Scott Harrington 
Mrs. Alicia B. Harris 
Mr. Carl W. Harris 
Mr. and Mrs. James E. Harris 
Dr. Jordan H. Harris 
Miss Martha C. Harris 
Mrs. Mary P. Harris 
Mrs. Mayme L. Harris 
Mr. Vernon C. Harris 
Ms. L. Dianne Harrison 
Mr. W. P. Harrison 
Mr. H. Roger Hart 
Mrs. Martha E. Hart 
Mr. I. D. Harvey 
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Harvey 
Mr. Robert O. Harvey 
Mr. and Mrs. Stephen C. Harvey 
Mrs. Sarah T. Haskins 
Mrs. Cathenne I. Hastings 
Mr. and Mrs. David C. Hastings 
Mr. John F. Hastings, Jr. 
Dr. Bruce P. Hawley 
Mrs. Anne D. Haves 
Ms. Barbara E. Hayes 
Dr. James W. Hayes, III 
Dr. Ronald L. Havnes 

Dr. W. Tyler Haynes 

Mr. Thomas ]. Healy 

Dr. Gordon A. Hearne 

Dr. Charles M. Heartwell, ]r. 

Dr. John P. Heatwole 

Mrs. Sharolyn B. Heatwole 

Mr. Charles L. Meckel 

Dr. Michael J. Hecktkopf 

Dr. Thomas B. Hedrick 

Mr. Alan B. Heilig 

Mr. Irwin B. Heinemann 

Dr. Mortimer D. Heizer 

Dr. Alan S. Helwig 

Ms. Catherine L. Henderson 

Mr. U. K. Henderson, Jr. 

Dr. Woodrow C. Henderson 

Dr. Joseph L. Hendrick 

Dr. A. Clayborn Hendricks 

Mrs. Barbara L. Hendricks 

Dr. D. Ewell Hendricks 

Dr. Gilbert L. Hendricks, Jr. 

Mrs. Faithe C. Henkell 

Dr. Marlene B. Henley 

Mr. Robert E. Henley, Jr. 

Mr. Wilbur E. Henley 

Dr. L. Franklin Henry, Jr. 

Dr. Laurin L. Henry 

Miss Ruhamah W. Henshaw 

Dr. Larry D. Hensley 

Mr. Raymond H. Herbek 

Dr. Rafael A. Hernandez 

Dr. Richard J. Herschaft 

Ms. Carol J. Herwig 

Dr. John W. Hesen, Jr. 

Dr. L. Wayne Hess 

Mrs. Donna C. Hester 

Mrs. Virginia J. Hickman 

Mrs. Lucy P. Higgins 

Mr. W. Theodore Highberger, Jr. 

Mrs. Gloria G. Hildebrand 

Miss Cheryl J. Hill 

Dr. Douglass O. Hill 

Mr. Lindlev B. Hill, Sr. 

Ms. Susan 'H. Hill 

Mrs. Nellie R. Miner 

Ms. Betty J. Hines 

Mr. Victor L. Hines, Jr. 

Dr. Steven D. Hinkis 

Mr. Clarence H. Hinnant, III 

Dr. Claude R. Hinson, Jr. 

Ms. Ethel Hitt 

Dr. William A. Hobbs, Jr. 

Mrs. Jane T. Hobby 

Mr. Raleigh C. Hobson 

Ms. Jennifer C. Hodge 

Dr. A. E. Hodges, Jr. 

Mr. Raymond Hodges 

Mr. Steven C. Hoelscher 

Dr. Eric R. Moffer 

Mr. and Mrs. George E. Moffer 

Dr. Archie A. Hoffman 

Dr. Charles A. Hoffman, Jr. 

Dr. Gary S. Hoffman 

Dr. Leslie M. Hoffman 

Miss Caroline F. Hogshead 

Mr. Maynard C. Holbrook, Sr. 

Ms. M. Ann Holcomb 

Mrs. Jane S. Holcombe 

Mr. Joseph J. Molicky, III 

Dr. James W. Holland, Jr. 

Ms. Regina A. Holmes 

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INA Foundation 
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International Business Machines 

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Ms. Maureen A. Redmond 

Dr. William W. Reed 

Miss Paula L. Rees 

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Dr. and Mrs. John A. Reidy 

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Ms. Barbara A. Reinhard 

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Mr. and Mrs. Donald E. Rellins 

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Mr. Charles Renick 

Reynolds Metal Company 

Miss Phyllis L. Reynolds 
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Dr. R. O. Reynolds 
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Mr. and Mrs. D. V. Richards, Jr. 
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Dr. and Mrs. George S. 

Dr. H. M. Richardson 
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Richmond Commonwealth Hotel 

Richmond Motor Company, Inc. 
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Richmond Pharmaceutical 

Association, Women's 

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Richmond Tennis Patrons 

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Dr. Jesse D. Robertson 

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Mr. E. Claiborne Robins 

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Mrs. Mazie T. Rogers 

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Mr. Robert L. Rogers 

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Mr. Donald S. Roland 

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Mrs. Bertha C. Rolfe 

Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Roll 

Dr. and Mrs. Gerald W. Roller 

Mrs. Marianne R. Rollings 

Ms. Hazel S. Roman 

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Dr. Carl J. Roncaglione 

Mr. R. R. Rooke 

Mrs. Betty I. Roosevelt 

Mr. Thomas W. Rorrer, Jr. 

Mr. Thomas W. Rorrer, III 

Dr. Eli L. Rose 

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Mr. Marvin B. Rose 

Mr. and Mrs. Fred P. Rosen 

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Mrs. Sara B. Rosen 

Mr. Gerald M. Rosenberg 

Dr. Fred H. Rosenblum 

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Dr. Norman Rosenthal 

Mrs. Trudy T. Rosenthal 

Dr. Scott B. Ross 

Mrs. Elaine Z. Rothenberg 

Mr. Roger C. Rothman 

Dr. Lloyd S. Rothouse 

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Mrs. Anne S. Rothschild 

Ms. Eunice M. Rountree 

Mr. A. Kemp Rowe 

Miss Carol A. Rowe 

Dr. Frank E. Rowell 

Dr. George S. Rowlett, Jr. 

Mrs. Elizabeth S. Royster 

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Mrs. Margaret L. Ruck 

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Ms. Betty J. Rudasill 

Mr. and Mrs. Gary M. Rudd 

Mrs. Barbara H. Ruppert 

Mrs. Carol H. Russell 

Dr. Dojelo C. RusseU 

Miss Dorsye E. Russell 

Miss Karen J. Russell 

Mr. and Mrs. Marvin K. Russell 

Mr. Milo F. Russell 

Mrs. Sabra S. Russell 
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Sabatini and Russell 
Ms. Kathleen P. Sadler 
Dr. Leroy S. Safian 
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Mr. William A. Sager 
Mr. Nelson L. St. Clair, Jr. 
Mr. George H. St. George 
St. Philip School of Nursing, 

Tidewater Alumni Association 
Dr. Karl C. Saliba 
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Elsie O. and Philip D. Sang 

Mr. Frank A. Sansone 
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Satterfield Campaign Fund 
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Dr. and Mrs. Paul H. 

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Schering-Plough Foundation, 

Mrs. Virginia F. Schilbe 
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Mr. and Mrs. Stanley F. Scott 

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Scott, Jr. 
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The Scripps-Howard Foundation 
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Society of Real Estate Appraisers 

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Southern Bank 

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Miss Susan M. Stanley 

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Charles G. Thalhimer & Family 

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Mr. James D. Thomas 
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Dr. Kenneth W. Thompson, Jr. 
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Touche Ross & Company 
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UVB Foundation 

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Union Oil Company of 

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Mrs. Anne W. Vail 
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of 1985 
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Faculty Assembly 
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Dr. Robert W. Waddell 

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Xerox Corporation 


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Dr. John W. Parker 

Mr. Preston Phipps 

Dr. Davis W. Ritter 

Mrs. Vernelle P. Roache 

Mr. Fred Roberts 

Mrs, John M. Russell 

Dr. Eric C. Schelin 

Mrs. Annie Schrader 

Dr. Richard Lee Simpson, Jr. 

Dr. and Mrs. Tavis C. 

Mr. Bernard W. Swift 
Mrs. Phyllis L. Terry 
Mr. Reuben Veiner 
Mrs. Betty Ann White-Hurst 
Mr. Joseph C. Wool, Jr. 
Mr. Waverly Wormon 
Mr. Oswald T. Zimmerman 
Mrs. Rose Zipes 

Virginia Dental 

In January 1982 the Virginia Dental Association 
announced a campaign to provide $2 million in 
endowment to the Medical College of Virginia 
Foundahon for the School of Dentistry. As of June 
30, 1982, $1,352,665 has been pledged toward the 
goal. Following is a list of donors who made cash 
contributions to the effort during 1981-82. 

Dr. Joe M. Adair 

Members of the Department of 

Dr. D. S. Ajalat 

Dental Hygiene 

American College of Dentists, 

Members of the Department of 

Virginia Section 

General Dentistry 

Dr. J. Wilson Ames, Jr. 

Members of the Department of 

Dr. A. R. Anderson, Jr. 

Oral Pathology 

Dr. R. Lewis Armistead 

Members of the Department of 

Dr. Edward U. Austin 

Oral Surgery 

Dr. Dewey H. Bell, Jr. 

Members of the Department of 

Dr. Stephen L. Bissell 


Dr. Donald S. Brown 

Members of the Department of 

Dr. James H. Butler 


Dr. Arthur D. Chambliss 

Members of the Department of 

Dr. R. M. Comstock 


Dr. Kenneth E. Copeland 

Members of the Department of 

Dr. Daniel H. Crawley, III 


Dr. Willie D. Crockett 

Members of the Department of 

Dr. A. M. DeMuth 

Restorative Dentistry 

Dr. W. H. Dickey 

Dr. Emanuel W. Michaels 

Dr. W. H. Fitzgerald 

Dr. Perry D. Mowbray, Jr. 

Dr. Ira Gould 

Dr. James K. Muehleck 

Dr. Lloyd A. Green 

Dr. Dwighf W. Newman, Jr. 

Dr. Harold J. Guilford 

Dr. Edward M. O'Keefe 

Dr. O. Paul Haber 

Dr. Christine Ottersberg 

Dr. Byrnal M. Haley 

Dr. Kent G. Palcanis 

Dr. S. M. Hamilton 

Dr. John E. Patterson, Jr. 

Dr. Harold P. Heafner, Jr. 

Dr. S. C. Patteson, Sr. 

Dr. Carl D, Hellberg 

Dr. A. Wright Pond 

Dr. Conrad A. Helsley 

Dr. Cleveland H. Porter, Jr. 

Dr. John B. Holcomb 

Dr. H. S. Rawlings, Jr. 

Dr. Edward Howe 

Roanoke Valley Dental Society 

Dr. Garrett E. Hurt 

Dr. Robert M. Rubin 

International College of Dentists 

Dr. William B. Russell 

Dr. L. William Irby, Jr. 

Dr. R. Bruce Rutherford 

Dr. Eugene L. Kanter 

Dr. Francis J. Samaha 

Dr. Jack C. Kanter 

Dr. Allen D. Schultz 

Dr. Warren G. Karesh 

Dr. Martin Sheintoch 

Dr. Jeremiah J. Kelliher 

Dr. Edwin H. Smith, Jr. 

Dr. James C. Kemper 

Dr. Perry H. Stubbs, Jr. 

Dr. James E. Kennedy 

Dr. J. H. Turner 

Ms. Katherine L. Kjrtley 

Dr. Thomas T. Upshur 

Dr. L. A. Lackey 

Dr. Thomas F. VanKeuren 

Dr. Mayer G. Levy 

Dr. John R. Wheless, III 

Dr. E. Y. Lovelace 

Dr. F. B. Wiebusch 

Dr. Bennet A. Malbon 

Dr. Richard D. Wilson 

Dr. Robert S.Markley 

Dr. Ronald L. Wray 

Dr. Virgil H. Marshall 

Dr. Robert L. Mason 

Dr. John P. McCasiand 

Dr. James T. McClung, Jr. 

Members of the Department of 

Administrative Affairs 


: '^- 



Cancer Care 

Easing the physical and mental hardships cancer inflicts 

By Ed Kanis 

9 am. June 2, 1982. Medical 
College of Virginia Hospitals. 
A young woman weeps, 
hands pressed against her eyes as 
she struggles to hold back the 
tears. Her doctor has just in- 
formed her that she has cancer. 

Scenes like this one are the call 
to action for staff members in the 
university's Cancer Rehabilitation 
and Continuing Care (CRCC) Pro- 
gram. Together, they help ease 
the adjustment of patients and 
families to the psychological and 
physical hardships of cancer. 

"We provide comprehensive, 
coordinated, and continuous care 
for all cancer patients," said Pat 
Franco, program coordinator. 
"Cancer patients go through 
many different stages and treat- 
ments. We're here to communi- 
cate with them throughout the 
entire process." 

Staff members work with all 
types of cancer patients. For those 
with hopes of cure or long-term 
control for their diseases, staff 
members assist in resuming nor- 
mal activity. Staff members also 
provide care for patients with un- 
controllable cancer until death 
and maintain contact with family 
members during bereavement. 

The Cancer Rehabilitation and 
Continuing Care Program is a di- 
vision of the Department of Reha- 
bilitation Medicine. It was intro- 
duced in 1974 under the direction 
of Dr. Susan Mellette, medical on- 
cologist, with a grant from the 


National Cancer Institute. When 
the grant expired in 1977, MCV 
Hospitals incorporated the pro- 
gram into its range of patient ser- 

Three nurses, one speech pa- 
thologist, two occupational thera- 
pists, three physical therapists, a 
rehabilitation counselor, a data co- 
ordinator, and a chaplain partici- 
pate in the program. They pro- 
vide care to patients in the 
university's hospitals and clinics 
and in their homes. 

In order to deal most effectively 
with all types of cancer patients, 
the program is organized around 
small teams based on the site and 
stage of the cancer being treated. 
Individual teams work with pa- 
tients having breast, gastrointesti- 
nal, and head and neck cancer. 
Two teams work specifically with 
patients suffering from advanced 
stages of the disease. Another 
deals only with pediatric patients. 
Each group is directed by a team 
coordinator and augmented by 
appropriate hospital staff mem- 

Once a patient is diagnosed as 
having cancer, the appropriate 
team coordinator meets with the 
patient and explains the CRCC 
program. Next, the team coordi- 
nator meets with other team 
members to develop a plan of 
care. Once the plan has been im- 
plemented, teams meet on a 
weekly basis to chart patients' 
progress. Often changes in the 
plan of care are made. 

The meetings also serve as a fo- 
rum for team members to air their 
feelings and frustrations. "Team 
members are very close and sup- 
portive of one another," said 
Franco. "The meeting provide an 
informal way of alleviating 

While working with cancer pa- 
tients might be considered de- 
pressing. Franco emphasized 
such is not the case. "We're sad- 
dened by the outcomes for some 
of our patients, but I wouldn't call 
the work depressing. The chal- 
lenges are tremendous and when 

your intervention has positive ef- 
fects on a patient, it gives you a 
great sense of accomplishment." 

In addition to providing patient 
care, team members spend time 
with families allaying their fears, 
answering questions, and helping 
them adjust to a patient's declin- 
ing health as the disease pro- 

While team members spend 
much time in the hospitals, the 
home care they provide is a key 
component to the CRCC pro- 
gram. Patients treated at home 
are usually those who have had 
surgery and whose wounds do 
not require medical care in the 
hospital. Patients with advanced 
cases are also treated at home 
where they are usually more com- 

Franco said the average home 
care caseload is 34 patients. A 
staff of trained volunteers assists 
with the home care portion of the 

When working with patients in 
their homes team members often 
discover that modifications in the 
home environment must be 
made. Modifications include 
everything from securing a 
hosptial bed, to rearranging furni- 
ture so that a patient in a wheel- 
chair can move about more easily, 
to supplying a bedside commode 
for a patient unable to walk to the 

Special mechanical devices are 
often supplied to patients which 
aid them in reaching and grasping 
objects. These devices are espe- 
cially helpful to wheelchair pa- 
tients who have difficulty reach- 
ing items in cupboards and on 
shelves. Ambulatory aids such as 
canes and walkers are also fur- 
nished to patients who need 

"Our goal in the home care pro- 
gram is to keep patients indepen- 
dent for as long as possible," said 

For patients whose cancer is 
under control and who are able to 
return to work, staff members 
work with the Virginia Depart- 
ment of Rehabilitative Services in 
contacting employers to see that 
any necessary changes are made 
in the work environment. Fre- 
quently, staff members are asked 

to give presentations on cancer to 
a patient's co-workers. For pa- 
tients preparing to leave MCV 
Hospitals, staff members assist 
with discharge planning to ensure 
proper follow-up care. 

Indicative of the success of the 
university's Cancer Rehabilitation 
and Continuing Care Program, 
the Health Care Financing Ad- 
ministration selected it as one of 
26 sites nationwide to participate 
in a two-year hospice demonstra- 
tion program. The program is in- 
vestigating the success of various 
treatment plans for patients with 
advanced disease, including can- 
cer. "All types of care for patients 
both at home and in the hospital 
are being evaluated," Franco said. 
"The goal is to come up with an 
ideal package that is cost effec- 

Current Medicaid and Medicare 
restrictions on payments for cer- 
tain medical services make con- 
tinuous care impossible for some 
individuals. Franco hopes that as 
a result of this project, which con- 
cludes in October, changes will be 
made in the restrictions so that 
quality care will become a reality 
for all cancer patients. 

In addition to their work with 
cancer patients at home and in 
MCV Hospitals, team members 
are also active in the community. 
Presentations are made on a regu- 
lar basis to civic and school 
groups to educate them about the 
needs of cancer patients and the 
efforts of the CRCC program to 
meet them. Team members also 
augment the work of the Ameri- 
can Cancer Society. 

Franco said she has seen signifi- 
cant change in attitudes about re- 
habilitation for cancer patients in 
the last few years. While little at- 
tention was paid to their needs in 
the past, increases in the number 
of rehabilitation programs and re- 
ferrals for counseling are signs 
that attitudes are indeed chang- 

At VCU, the Cancer Rehabilita- 
tion and Continuing Care Pro- 
gram is doing its part to lead the 
way. xi 

Plwto by Bruce Parker 


Patient Care 

It began in 1974 when Dr. Walter 
Lawrence, Jr., and Dr. William 
Banks, Jr., were appointed direc- 
tor and co-director of the MCV/ 
VCU Cancer Center. 

Eight years and $8 million later, 
the new Cancer Center facility is a 
reality. As it nears completion its 
focal point, the consolidation of 
services for cancer patients, is also 
becoming a reality. 

After years of fund-raising 
while operating the Cancer Cen- 
ter in various temporary loca- 
tions, the center's staff and sup- 
porters alone have raised most of 
the funds needed through private 
donors, state allocations, the 
MCV Foundation, and university 

The four-story building adja- 
cent to North Hospital will be 
equipped to serve 70 to 100 pa- 
tients each day in radiation ther- 
apy. Special features include two 
floors of research laboratories, 
one floor for radiation therapy 
with three treatment rooms, and 
one floor for support offices such 
as cancer rehabilitation, a teach- 
ing room, a reading room, admin- 
istrative offices, and the protocol 
nurse. In addition, the data-based 
recordkeeping necessary for all 
cancer patients will be central- 
ized. The tumor registry main- 
tains records on patients, kinds of 
cancers, and related information. 

Having one Cancer Center 
building will provide a major ad- 
vantage in that research will be 
conducted in close proximity to 
treatment areas. The center will 
continue to emphasize a combina- 
tion of basic research, applied re- 
search, specialized and coordi- 
nated patient care, and 
rehabilitation following treatment. 

Weekly cancer conferences will 
be another integral part of the 
center. These conferences are re- 
quired for hospital accreditation 
by the American College of Sur- 
geons. MCV Hospitals recently 

received the maximum three-year 
accreditation for the second con- 
secutive time. 

From an administrative unit es- 
tablished by the VCU Board of 
Visitors in 1974, the MCV/VCU 
Cancer Center, still directed by 

Lawrence and Banks, has evolved 
into a viable research and treat- 
ment center for cancer patients in 
the university hospitals. The cen- 
ter's new building, now partially 
occupied, will be dedicated this 
spring, xi 

Photc in/ Bob Strong 


University News 

A center for the 
performing arts 

A year of special programs has 
been planned by the music and 
theatre departments to mark the 
opening of the university's new 
Performing Arts Center. 

The series of events began with 
ribbon-cutting ceremonies August 
31. Students and invited guests, 
including prominent local and 
state music, theatre, and business 
people, attended the ceremonies 
and toured the $5.6 million build- 
ing which houses the Depart- 
ments of Music and Theatre. 

The dedication day concluded 
with a theatre program in the eve- 
ning by VCU alumnus David 
Lively. Lively, who is now a pro- 
fessional actor, portrayed Samuel 
Clemens in a one-man show, 
"Alias Mark Twain," a series of 

humorous anecdotes and charac- 
ter sketches. 

The first musical event, a pro- 
gram by the Vienna Symphony, 
will take place October 3. The 
symphony, which has not played 
in America for ten years, and 
which had only two scheduled 
stops on its upcoming U.S. tour, 
the Kennedy Center in Washing- 
ton, D.C., and Carnegie Hall in 
New York, will now give its pre- 
miere performance at VCU. 

The music department has also 
planned the university's first per- 
forming artist series which 
H. Richard Koehler, chairman, 
said|"may be the best of its kind 
in the country." This season's 
program includes The Bach Aria 
Group (New York); Franco GuUi, 
violinist; Mish Dichter, pianist; 
Rolf Bjoerling, tenor; The Prague 
String Quartet; Tafelmusik, a ba- 
roque orchestra; and the Ariel En- 
semble (New York). 

The momentum being gener- 
ated by the musical program has 
attracted the attention of Channel 
23, WCVE Public Broadcasting, in 
Richmond. The station has pro- 
posed to televise performances by 
both faculty and conducted stu- 
dent ensembles. The perform- 
ances may be broadcast nationally 
via satellite. 

"VCU is probably the first uni- 
versity in the country offering a 
live, televised concert series," said 

The Department of Theatre, un- 
der the chairmanship of Kenneth 
Campbell, has also planned a vis- 
iting artist series in addition to its 
regularly scheduled dramatic per- 

Koehler is confident the new 
Performing Arts Center will es- 
tablish VCU as one of the top per- 
forming arenas in the city. 


Extra protection 
for small infants 

Serious illness or even death can 
result from blood transfused to 
extremely small babies when it 
contains a certain virus common 
to a large percentage of blood 

Fortunately for babies born at 
the university's MCV Hospitals, 
blood given them is first screened 
by the Richmond Metropolitan 
Blood Service for any traces of the 
virus cytomegalovirus. VCU's 
program is believed to be one of 
the few of its kind in the country. 

Dr. Stuart Adler, assistant pro- 
fessor of pediatrics and microbiol- 
ogy, says while most patients 
who receive blood containing the 
virus experience little or no prob- 
lem, the effect on some infants 
can be serious. The viral infec- 
tion's effects range from slight ill- 
ness to permanent nervous sys- 
tem damage and death. 

Infants who weigh less than 
three pounds at birth and whose 
mothers show no evidence of pre- 
vious infection are most suscepti- 
ble to the virus, which can be 
transmitted through transfusions 
or while the fetus is still in the 
womb. Adler says about 1 to 3 
percent of all infants are infected 
at birth. Of those infants, about 
10 percent show obvious defects 
such as mental retardation, while, 
the others appear to be normal. 

Screening the aged 

A study of 400 elderly persons by 
VCU's Virginia Center on Aging 
supports the notion that nursing 
home placement may not always 
be appropriate for prospective 

The center's study was de- 
signed to evaluate the effective- 
ness of the Virginia Nursing 
Home Preadmission Screening 
Program. Introduced in 1977, the 
program's goals are to delay or 

avoid unwanted or inappropriate 
nursing home placement and to 
help control Medicaid expendi- 

Following a one-year pilot 
phase the study was implemented 
on a full-scale basis. While spe- 
cific goals were established, local 
screening committees were al- 
lowed to apply their own 
methods for carrying out the pro- 
gram. Nursing home applicants 
were to be screened if they were 
not in a community hospital or 
nursing home at the time of appli- 
cation, and if they were or would 
become eligible for Medicaid 
within 90 days of admission. 
Screening committees included 
public health physicians and 
nurses, and social workers from 
the local public welfare depart- 
ment. Other community service 
representatives were encouraged 
to participate. Medicaid reim- 
bursement for a nursing home 
stay was available only for an eli- 
gible applicant when certification 
was made by the committee. 

The Center on Aging's studv of 
the program was divided into two 
parts: an evaluation survey and a 
committee member survey. The 
evaluation survey was designed 
to assess the degree to which the 
program met its objectives, and 
the committee member survey 
was used to describe the pro- 
gram's operational procedures. 

Plans for the evaluation survey 
included interviews of 100 
screened nursing home applicants 
who had been approved, 100 
screened applicants who were not 
approved, 100 nursing home ad- 
missions who did not require 
screening, and 100 community 
residents whose functional and/or 
cognitive disabilities put them at 
risk for nursing home care. The 
committee member survey used 
interviews with various members 
of local screening committees. 

Results of the evaluation studv 
indicate screening enhances ap- 
propriate placement of long-term 
care users and helps avoid unnec- 
essary institutionalization for 

many applicants. One finding 
suggests persons who are denied 
nursing home placement are more 
likely to preserve a greater sense 
of personal control over their en- 
vironments than those who are 
approved. The studv also shows 
Medicaid savings are about S358 
per screening for the six months 
immediatelv following screening. 

As for the committee member 
survey. Dr. Elizabeth Harkins, as- 
sistant professor of gerontology, 
says it indicates the program ap- 
pears to operate in a "regulatory 
vacuum." Despite a notable ab- 
sence of rules and regulations, the 
program is effective and has 
sparked some national interest, 
says Harkins. 

The program's success is evi- 
dent in the recent passing of Vir- 
ginia Senate Bill 219 which will 
make prior screening a require- 
ment fcir Medicaid reimbursement 
of all nursing home expenses 
within six months of admission. 

MCV Hospitals 


in Medicare study 

The university's MCV Hospitals 
have been selected, along with 
five other medical centers, to take 
part in a federal study designed to 
help Medicare officials decide 
whether Medicare should pay for 
heart transplants. 

While Medicare is considered 
primarilv a medical coverage pro- 
gram for persons aged 65 and 
older, it now covers certain proce- 
dures, such as kidney dialysis and 
kidnev transplants, for vounger 

Since mid-1980 coverage of 
heart transplant operations has 
been excluded by the Medicare 
program until a studv of various 
social, economic, and medical is- 
sues could be made. That is the 
study now taking place in\'olving 
MCVH and other institutions at 


University News 

which heart transplant surgery is 

The Health Care Financing Ad- 
ministration of the Department of 
Health and Human Services has 
appropriated a total of $2 million 
for the study. Of that amount, 
$500,000 has been awarded to Bat- 
telle Corporation of Seattle to 
study certain administrative as- 
pects, while the remaining funds 
will be shared by the medical cen- 
ters which include Stanford Uni- 
versity, the University of Arizona, 
the University of Pittsburgh, Co- 
lumbia Presbyterian Medical Cen- 
ter, the University of Minnesota, 
and MCVH. 

Dr. Michael Hess, cardiologist, 
is the university's principal inves- 
tigator for the study. Questions to 
be considered, he says, include 
cost effectiveness of the heart 
transplantation procedure, the 
ability of recipients to return to 
work, and long-term economic 
and social consequences. 

The study is to be completed by 
the end of next year. 

Facts on freshmen 

For the past nine years VCU has 
participated in a national survey 
of its freshman classes. The sur- 
vey for 1981-82, like those of past 
years, uncovered some interesting 

For example, VCU continues to 
have a significantly higher per- 
centage of black students in its 
entering class than is the case na- 
tionally (17.1 percent versus 8.8 

The percentage of VCU stu- 
dents who describe themselves as 
liberal has declined steadily from 
44 percent in 1973 to 20.1 percent 
in 1981. Conversely, the percent- 
age who describe themselves as 
conservative has increased from 7 
percent in 1973 to 17.3 percent in 

Concerning the education levels 
of their parents, 15.4 percent said 
their mothers had a college de- 
gree and 23.2 percent said their 

fathers had a college degree. 
About 38 percent of the VCU stu- 
dents said their mothers were 
high school graduates, while 22.9 
percent said their fathers gradu- 
ated from high school. 

Over 45 percent of the VCU re- 
spondents estimated annual pa- 
rental income between $25,000 
and $50,000. The comparable fig- 
ure nationally is 44.8 percent. 

For the period 1974-79, between 
72 and 75 percent of the students 
completing the survey said VCU 
was their first choice when select- 
ing a college or university. This 
figure dropped to 67.4 percent in 
1980 and increased to 69.3 percent 
in 1981. Approximately 32.5 per- 
cent said they were accepted at 
one other college (33 percent na- 
tionally), and 24 percent said they 
were accepted at two other col- 
leges (25.6 percent nationally). 

As for reasons which respon- 
dents saw as important in their 
decision to attend college, 74.3 
percent said to "learn more about 
things that interest me" (73.7 per- 
cent nationally), 70.8 percent said 
to "get a better job" (75.6 percent 
nationally), and 69.8 percent said 
to "gain a general education and 
appreciation of ideas" (67.4 per- 
cent nationally). 

In questions developed specifi- 
cally for VCU students, the re- 
sponses were as follows; 
— 53 percent said during their 
first semester they antici- 
pated having the greatest dif- 
ficulty with "developing good 
study habits" 
— 46 percent said the most valu- 
able thing VCU can do is to 
"give me the necessary cre- 
dentials to allow me to find a 
— 68.2 percent said they would 
guess their grade average in 
their first semester at VCU 
would be a 'B' average 
The annual survey is jointly 
sponsored by the University of 
California at Los Angeles (UCLA) 
and the American Council of Edu- 
cation. Over 500 institutions took 
part in this year's survey. 

A foreign 

VCU was one of four universities 
visited by an eight-member dele- 
gation from Helsinki, Finland, in 
the spring. 

The visitors, who represented 
the University of Helsinki, the 
Helsinki School of Economics and 
Business Administration, and the 
Swedish School of Economics and 
Business Administration were in 
the United States as part of the In- 
ternational Visitors Program 
sponsored by the Office of Inter- 
national Education in the U.S. De- 
partment of Education. 

While here the delegation in- 
vestigated the character and goals 
of American university education, 
university staffing structure, sys- 
tems and financing, connection 
with society and economic life, 
teacher training, and the role of 
the university in professional edu- 

Dr. Howard Sparks, associate 
vice-president for academic af- 
fairs, coordinated the visit to 
VCU. Other universities visited 
were Harvard, Georgetown, and 

An addition 
to the archives 

The papers of the late Dr. Walther 
Riese, associate professor emeri- 
tus of neurology, psychiatry, and 
the history of medicine, have 
been acquired by Tompkins-Mc- 
Caw Library. 

The library's Special Collections 
and Archives will house 18 cubic 
feet of records containing corre- 
spondence, research notes, 
books, and journal reprints re- 
flecting Riese's varied interests 
and activities. Included are histo- 
ries of medicine research for the 
National Institutes of Health and 
his service to the former Virginia 
Department of Mental Hygiene 


and Hospitals (now the Depart- 
ment of Mental Health and Men- 
tal Retardation) as a consulting 

The collection was donated by 
Riese's grandson, Rowland Vil- 
lars, of Richmond. 

Riese served on the staff of the 
Medical College of Virginia, one 
of VCU's predecessor compo- 
nents, from 1941 to 1960. 

He was the author of 15 books 
and more than 260 articles on 
neurology, neuroanatomy, medi- 
cal psychology, and the history 
and philosophy of medicine. He 
is especially noted for his studies 
of human and animal brains. 

The university's Riese-Melton 
Award for outstanding contribu- 
tions to cross-cultural relations 
was established in honor of Riese 
and Herman Melton, a former la- 
boratory technician in the Depart- 
ment of Anatomy. 

the capital city 

The first in a series of revitaliza- 
tion plans to stimulate renewal in 
the city is being carried out by the 
Richmond Revitalization Program 

Working under the program di- 
rector. Dr. Morton Gulak, associ- 
ate professor of urban studies and 
planning, are students and faculty 
from urban planning and other 
departments at VCU, planners 
from the city of Richmond, and a 
citizens' steering committee. All 
participants are interested in 
bringing about a resurgence of the 
urban community through crea- 
tive reuse of buildings. 

The project, which is called the 
Brook Crossing Commercial Cen- 
ter Revitalization Plan, shows the 
economic potential of an area of 
Richmond's downtown district ex- 
tending from Broad Street north 
through Marshall Street and from 
First to Madison Streets. It dem- 
onstrates, through reuse, preser- 
vation, and conservation of build- 

ings, how an older area of the city 
can be restored to a vibrant busi- 
ness and living setting. 

The name of the project reflects 
the significance of Brook Road to 
the commercial and cultural his- 
tory of Richmond. The proposed 
commercial center includes the 
Greater Richmond Arts District 
and its Masonic Temple, as well 
as the Empire and Regency the- 

Entertainment, art, and cultural 
growth are emphasized by the 
Arts District and are linked with 
the growth of retail stores, offices, 
restaurants, and trade craft shops. 
The plan of area-wide revitaliza- 
tion also provides an opportunity 
for artists, entertainers, those 
who work downtown, current 
residents of Central Wards, and 
others to live in restored apart- 
ments above businesses, in studio 
and loft space, or in townhouses 
proposed for Marshall Street. 

Art displays, theater and musi- 
cal performances, and a public 
meeting place are proposed for a 
plaza at the intersection of Broad, 
Brook, and Adams Streets. 

Jefferson Street is to become a 
pedestrian walkway that can be 
used by theater-goers, shoppers, 
and for outdoor sales. Benches, 
lights, information kiosks, and 
other plazas are also proposed to 
create an atmosphere where peo- 
ple feel comfortable strolling. 

viewing the sights, waiting for 
performances, and shopping. 

Nearby projects include Project 
One, a convention, hotel and of- 
fice complex; the Main Street Sta- 
tion, the Freight Station renova- 
tion; the Transportation Center; 
and Shockoe Slip. 

Revitalization was initially 
made possible by a gift to the uni- 
versity by a private donor. 

Academic inductees 

Three faculty members have been 
inducted into VCU's chapter of 
Phi Kappa Phi, one of the nation's 
most prestigious honor societies. 

Dr. James Boykin, professor of 
real estate; Dr. Pratip Raychowd- 
hury, professor of mathematical 
sciences; and Dr. Melvin Urofsky, 
professor of history, were recently 
accepted as members of the soci- 

Boykin serves as director of the 
Real Estate and Urban Land De- 
velopment Program and director 
of the Virginia Real Estate Re- 
search Center, both in the School 
of Business. Recently, he has pub- 
lished two books. Mortgage Lomi 
Underwriting and Financing Real 
Estate. A third book, Basic Income 
Property Appraisal, is soon to be 

Raychowdhury, who special- 
izes in applied mathematics and 
mathematical physics, has re- 
ceived numerous honors includ- 
ing research support from the Na- 
tional Science Foundation and the 
Asia Foundation Award of the 
American Institute of Physics. He 
is a regional editor of Mathematics 

The third new member, 
Urofsky, served as chairman of 
the university's Department of 
History and Geography from 
1974-81. He is author of A Mind in 
One Piece: Brandeis and American 
Reform, American Zionism from 
Herzl to Holocaust, and We Are 
Ofie. His latest work, A Voice That 
Spoke for justice: The Life and Times 


University News 

of Stephen S. Wise, is to be pub- 
lished this year. 

Phi Kappa Phi was initiated at 
the University of Maine in 1897. It 
is designed to honor superior 
scholarship in all disciplines. 

Better health 
through education 

A five-year, $2.7 million grant has 
been awarded to VCU for patient 
education research aimed toward 
reducing the occurrence and se- 
verity of cardiovascular diseases. 

Research for the National 
Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute 
grant will be conducted by a team 
from the university's Educational 
Planning and Development Pro- 
gram and the Departments of 
Family Practice, Human Genetics, 
Surgery, and Pediatrics. Research- 
ers will test the effects of several 
educational approaches in helping 
patients reduce the likelihood of 
disease due to salt consumption, 
poor diet, excess weight, smok- 
ing, and inattention to the warn- 
ing signs of stroke. 

The project, which will be car- 
ried out in VCU's five family prac- 
tice centers, will study the contri- 
bution of genetic and familial 
factors to cardiovascular disease 
and its prevention, and the use of 
noninvasive technology in detect- 
ing early stroke warnings. Faculty 
physicians from the centers have 
formed a Cardiovascular Task 
Force to plan and coordinate pro- 
ject research activities. They ex- 
pect their findings to help shape 
the nationwide pattern of primary 
health care, particularly in disease 

VCU's family practice centers 
maintain a system of patient-phy- 
sician recordkeeping considered 
necessary for systematic inquiry 
into the effectiveness of preven- 
tive and educational approaches 
to health. In addition to training 
new family physicians the centers 
provide primary care to 72,000 pa- 
tients throughout Virginia. 

Trot for Tots 

Youths ages five-18 will don their 
track shoes again this year when 
the MCV Hospitals Auxiliary 
sponsors its third "Trot for Tots" 
October 3 at 2 pm. 

"Children helping children" is 
the theme for this year's event in 
which participants will jog around 
Boat Lake in Richmond's Byrd 
Park to raise money for the chil- 
dren's medical center in MCVH's 
new $60 million, 539-bed hospital. 
Over 150 children took part in last 
year's event which raised over 
$4,000 to aid the 5,000 children 
admitted to MCVH each year. 

Two courses will be marked and 
divided according to age group. 
Youngsters ages five-12 will run in 
one group, while children 13-18 
will run in the other. Youths can 
run up to three miles in incre- 
ments of one-half mile. They will 
be asked to secure pledges from 
friends and neighbors for each 
one-half mile they complete. 

Registration forms are available 
from the Bank of Virginia, which 
is co-sponsoring the event along 
with WRNL Radio, 7-11 stores, 
and the Volunteer Services De- 
partment at MCV Hospitals. The 
first 300 youths to register will not 
have to pay the $4 registration 

Scooby-Doo and friends from 
Kings Dominion will be on hand 
to provide entertainment. Re- 
freshments will be available and 
all participants will receive free 

For further information call the 
Volunteer Services Department, 
MCV Hospitals, at (804) 786-0923. 


A healthy 
diagnosis for 
drinking water 

According to Dr. Joseph Borzelle- 
ca's mice, drinking water in this 
country is not hazardous to one's 

Borzelleca, head of VCU's toxi- 
cology division, directs one of the 
Environmental Protection Agen- 
cy's largest research projects on 
drinking water. Over the past six 
years EPA has put more than $2 
million into the project, one of the 
several being done across the na- 

To date, few adverse reactions 
have been noted. The mice are be- 
ing tested with about 30 contami- 
nants in three separate experi- 
ments to determine effects on 
their behavior, immune system, 
reproduction, stress response, 
and neurochemical makeup. 

The first experiment shows 
how mice react to a single large 
dose, such as humans might re- 
ceive from a chemical spill or acci- 
dent. The second experiment ex- 
poses mice to different doses 
every day for two weeks, which is 
comparable to two or three days 
of exposure to high chemical con- 
centrations for humans. Borzel- 
leca says the third experiment is 
one of the most significant be- 
cause it allows time for chemicals 
to cause almost any kind of 
change. In this 90-day study mice 
are given a variety of chemical 

Extreme concentrations are 
used to try to produce the chemi- 
cals' worst effects. The lowest 
concentrations given the mice are 
ten to 100 times greater than hu- 
mans would consume, and most 
are 100 to 3,000 times greater. If 
the highest concentrations cannot 
be dissolved in drinking water, 
they are administered through 
stomach tubes or in other sub- 

Borzelleca says humans and 
mice do not necessarily react in 
the same way, but a negative re- 
action in a mouse "serves as a 
warning." Judging from the 
results so far, he says, "our con- 
clusion is that drinking water in 
this country is safe." 

A new dean 
for Social Work 

Dr. Grace Harris, associate dean 
of the School of Social Work since 
1978, has been appointed dean of 
the school by the board of visi- 

Harris succeeds Dean Elaine 
Rothenberg, who is retiring. 

Harris joined the social work 
faculty in 1967. She held assistant 
and associate professorships be- 
fore gaining the rank of professor 
last year. She has served as the 
school's director of student affairs 
and chairman for its core curricu- 
lum for the master of social work 
degree program. 

In 1980 the American Council of 
Education named Harris one of its 
35 national fellows. The one-year 
fellowship permitted her to par- 
ticipate in a full-time study of aca- 
demic administration at VCU and 
work with President Edmund 
Ackell and Wayne Hall, vice presi- 
dent for academic affairs, in deci- 
sion-making projects and day-to- 
day planning. 

The new dean is a member of 
the National Association of Social 
Workers, the Council on Social 
Work Education, the American 
Association of University Profes- 
sors, and the American Sociologi- 
cal Association. She serves on the 
Advisory Committee for Special 
Education of the Richmond Public 
Schools, the Advisory Board on 
Health Professions of Virginia Un- 
ion University, the Advisorv 
Board of the State Division on Vo- 
lunteerism, and the Community 
Mental Health and Mental Retar- 
dation Services Board. 

Harris was assistant director of 

the Richmond Community Action 
Program before coming to VCU. 

Details on 

About 100 Richmond area resi- 
dents are being treated for de- 
pression in two studies conducted 
by VCU's Department of Psychia- 

Volunteers for the studies were 
solicited through newspaper ad- 
vertising and physicians' refer- 
rals. The subjects range in age 
from 18 to 60, come from a variety 
of backgrounds, and have experi- 
enced different degrees of depres- 

There is no typical depression 
victim, according to project coor- 
dinator Patricia Schulz. She says 
the major symptoms are often 
physical rather than mental, and 
can include changes in appetite, 
insomnia or hypersomnia, loss of 
energy, feelings of worthlessness 
or excessive guilt, decrease in sex- 
ual drive, and thoughts of death 
and suicide. 

The study coordinated by 
Schulz is funded by Upjohn Phar- 
maceutical Company to compare 
one of its newer drugs, aprazo- 
1am, against imipranine for gen- 
eral effectiveness. To isolate their 
biological effectiveness, the drugs 
are administered without addi- 
tional counseling or psychother- 
apy. The results will be known 
when the study ends next year. 

The other study, directed by Va- 
lerie Bloom, instructor in psychia- 
try, uses the antidepressent desi- 
pramine, which has been on the 
market for about 15 years. Bloom 
says the study is designed to in- 
vestigate the medication levels be- 
tween which the drug is most ef- 
fective. Each subject's blood level 
is measured on a regular basis to 
determine the amount that can be 
taken for a maximum effect. 
Results of this federally-funded 
study also will not be a\'ailable 
until its completion next year. 



C. Paul Boyan, professor emeri- 
tus in anesthesiology, was a 
speaker at the First International 
Symposium on the History of 
Modern Anesthesia at Erasmus 
University in Rotterdam, Nether- 

Dr. Meta Braymer, coordinator 
of nontraditional studies, has 
been elected to the board of direc- 
tors of the Virginia Association of 
Continuing Education in the 
Health Professions for 1982-83. 

Dr. John Brown, assistant pro- 
fessor of urban studies and plan- 
ning, presented a paper, "The 
Capital City Government Com- 
mission: Understanding Local Fis- 
cal Constraints," at the annual 
conference of the Urban Affairs 
Association in Philadelphia. 

Patricia Brown, instructor in 
recreation, presented a paper, 
"Coping with Cross-Cultural Dif- 
ferences: Improving Your Per- 
sonal Effectiveness," to the Na- 
tional Recreation and Park 
Association Congress in Minneap- 

Jami Ciucci, David Keam- 
merer, Jeannie Lavery, Sally 
Lewis, Betsy Miller, Margaret 
Noyes, Ann Ashby O'Brien, and 
Paula Skaar, pharmacy residents, 
presented papers at the 13th an- 
nual Southeastern Conference of 
Residents and Preceptors in Ath- 
ens, Georgia. 

Dr. Linda Costanzo, assistant 
professor of physiology, has re- 
ceived a five-year established in- 
vestigatorship award from the 
American Heart Association. 

George Crutchfield, director 

of the School of Mass Com- 
munications, has been named 
winner of the George Mason 

Award. The honor is given annu- 
ally by the Richmond chapter of 
the Society of Professional Jour- 
nalists, Sigma Delta Chi, for con- 
tributions to journalism in Vir- 

Dr. Clifford Edwards, professor 
of religious studies, presented a 
paper, "Zen Buddhism and 
Ukiyo-E," at the annual meeting 
of the Virginia Association of 
Teachers of Religion. 

Dr. Ivan Epstein, associate pro- 
fessor of biophysics, was honored 
in March for his significant contri- 
butions to the Tompkins-McCaw 
Library during the past 15 years. 

Marilyn Erickson, professor of 
psychology, had a revised edition 
of her textbook. Child Psychopatho- 
logy: Behavior Disorders ami Devel- 
opmental Disabilities, published by 
Prentice-Hall, Inc. 

Dr. Ethelyn Exley, associate 
professor of nursing, presented a 
paper, "Competency of Foreign 
Graduate Nurses," at the Veterans 
Administration second annual re- 
search conference in Los Angeles. 

Allen Fonoroff, chairman of the 
Department of Urban Studies and 
Planning, was a panel moderator 
at the annual conference of the 
Urban Affairs Association in Phil- 

Dr. Christine Gallant, assistant 
professor of English, had her "Re- 
view of Kathleen Raine's Blake 
and the New Age" published in 
Tlie Wordsworth Circle (Summer 

Carolyn Gray, former assistant 
professor of community dentistry, 
is in graduate school at George 
Washington University. She cur- 
rently serves as chairman of the 
legislative committee of the Vir- 
ginia Dental Hygienists' Associa- 

Joanne Greathouse, assistant 
professor and acting chairman, 
program of radiologic technology, 
has been elected president of the 
Virginia Society of Radiologic 

Dr. Mary Hageman, assistant 
professor of administration of jus- 
tice and public safety, was chair- 
man of a panel on police discre- 
tion and served on a panel on 
police stress at the national meet- 
ing of the Academy of Criminal 
Justice Sciences in Louisville. 

Dr. John Hanson, assistant pro- 
fessor of English, had his article, 
"Comment on German Nationalism 
as Group Fantasy by David Beisel," 
published in the winter issue of 
the Journal of Psychohistory. 

Dr. Robert Friedel, chairman of 
the Department of Psychiatry, re- 
cently moderated a symposium 
on pain and depression in San 
Francisco. The symposium was 
sponsored by the university and 
funded through an educational 
grant from a division of Pfizer 

Dr. Michael Iwanik, postdoc- 
toral research fellow in the de- 
partment of biochemistry, has re- 
ceived a seed grant award from 
the MCV/VCU Cancer Center for 
his work. 

Dr. Robert Jesse, research asso- 
ciate in the Department of Biophy- 
sics, received an MCV/VCU Can- 
cer Center seed grant awarded for 
a project titled "Characterization 
of the Platelet Aggregating Activ- 
ity of Tumor Cells." 

Evelyn Jez, instructor in En- 
glish, was recently named "Citi- 
zen of the Day" by Richmond ra- 
dio station WLEE. She is 


president of the Richmond chap- 
ter of the National Organization 
for Women. 

Dr. Susan Kennedy, professor 
of history, has been named a 
Hoover Scholar for 1982 by the 
Herbert Hoover Presidential 
Library Association. She will re- 
ceive a fellowship from the associ- 
ation for research on her project 
titled "Herbert Hoover After the 

Dr. James Kinney, assistant 
professor of English, recently pre- 
sented a paper, "Thomas Dixon 
and the 'Damned Black Beast'," at 
the Modern Language Association 
meeting in New York. 

Dr. Bryant Mangum, assistant 
professor of English, had his arti- 
cle, "The Whole is Not Equal to 
the Sum of the Parts: An Ap- 
proach to Teaching the Research 
Paper," accepted for publication 
by Exercise Exchange. 

Dr. Clifton Marsh, special as- 
sistant in student affairs, and 
Johnnie Hill-Marsh, director of 
residence education for Rhoads 
Hall, presented their article, 
" 'Reasons for Colored Girls to 
Consider Suicide' — The Sociology 
of and Counseling for Rape and 
Sexual Assault in the African- 
American Community," at the 
National Conference on the Black 

Dr. John McGrath, associate 
dean of graduate studies and pro- 
fessor of sociology and anthropo- 
logy, recently served on the re- 
affirmation of accreditation com- 
mittee for Georgetown College, 

Beth Meixner, professor of ra- 
diologic technology, has been 
elected vice-president of the Vir- 
ginia Society of Radiologic Tech- 

Dr. Husain Mustafa, professor 
of political science, led a three- 
day workshop on program budg- 
eting for Nigerian executives at 
the University of Pittsburgh in 
January. His article, "Partisan Pol- 
itics and Legislative-Gubernatorial 
Competition in Budgeting," was 
published in the September-De- 
cember issue of State and Local 
Govciiiiiieiit Rcviezo. 

Dr. Margaret Pieschl, assistant 
professor of German, presented a 
paper, "The Persistent Pagan in 
Theodor Storm's 'Der Schim- 
melreiter'," at the Georgia Collo- 
quium on Myth and Myth-making 
in Athens, Georgia. 

Dr. Thomas Reinders, associate 
professor of pharmacy, appeared 
in a Public Broadcasting Service 
documentary film in March. Pro- 
duced by the Virginia Department 
of Mental Health and Mental Re- 
tardation in cooperation with the 
Task Force on Women and Sub- 
stance Abuse, the film deals with 
women and alcohol and drug-re- 
lated problems. 

Dr. Diana Scully, assistant pro- 
fessor of sociology and anthropo- 
logy, presented a paper at the first 
international Interdisciplinary 
Congress on Women at the Uni- 
versity of Haifa in Haifa, Israel. 

Sally Shaw, instructor of En- 
glish, had her story, "The Reason- 
able Request," published in the 
Kansas Quarterly. 

Dr. Keith Shelton, associate 
professor of biochemistry, was a 
speaker at the second Wistar Sym- 
posium on the nuclear envelope 
and matrix held in Philadelphia. 
His presentation, "The Nuclear 
Lamins: Their Properties and 
Functions," will be published in a 
book covering the symposium. 

Dr. Christopher Silver, assist- 
ant professor of urban studies and 
planning, has passed comprehen- 

sive examinations for admission 
to the American Institute of Certi- 
fied Planners. 

Dr. Howard Sparks, associate 
vice-president for academic af- 
fairs, has been elected to the exec- 
utive board of the American 
Health Planning Association and 
will serve as chairman of the asso- 
ciation's bylaws committee. He 
has also been named Outstanding 
Adult Educator by the Adult Edu- 
cation Association of Virginia, an 
affiliate of the Adult Education 
Association of the United States. 

Ron Tuohy, instructor in En- 
glish, is teaching classes in En- 
glish as a second language for the 
refugee resettlement office of the 
Catholic Diocese. The classes are 
conducted for Cambodian families 
who have recently settled in Rich- 

Dr. Henri Warmenhoven, asso- 
ciate professor of political science, 
contributed a chapter on ethnic 
factors leading to local govern- 
ment reorganization to Local Gov- 
ernment Reform and Reorganization: 
An International Perspective. The 
book was edited by A. B. Gunlick 
and published in late 1981. 

Dr. David White, professor of 
mass communications, has been 
named to the University of Iowa 
School of Journalism and Mass 
Communications Hall of Fame. 

Dr. Doris Yingling, professor 
and dean emeritus, School of 
Nursing, had an article, "The 
Dean as Administrator: Roles, 
Functions, and Attributes," pub- 
lished in the American Associa- 
tion of Colleges of Nursing mono- 
graph series. 

Alumni Update 




Charles Riley (M.D.) is a mem- 
ber of the honorary medical staff 
of Winchester Memorial Hospital 
in Winchester, Virginia. 


Lucille Quattlebaum (B.F.A. 
art) recently completed a show 
honoring "Women's Week" at 
Francis Marion College in Marion, 
South Carolina. 


Herbert Allen, Jr., (M.D. medi- 
cine resident 1947) received an 
honorary doctor of science ciegree 
from the University of Richmond 
at commencement exercises in 



Thelma Walker-Brown (di- 
ploma in nursing) is president of 
the Tuskegee, Alabama, chapter 
of St. Philip Alumnae. 


Jean Cook (B.S. occupational 
therapy) is employed as an occu- 
pational therapist with the Peoria 
City/County Health Department 
in Peoria, Illinois. 


Glenys Christian demons 

(B.S. nursing) represented VCU at 
the inauguration of Robert Ran- 
dolph as president of Alabama 
State University in Montgomery, 

James Vance, III, (M.D.) is a 
member of the Association of Life 
Insurance Medical Directors of 
America, the Canadian Insurance 
Medical Officers Association, and 
a diplomate of the board of Life 
Insurance Medicine. He has been 
appointed senior medical director 
of insurance medicine in the sys- 
tems and human resources divi- 
sion of Connecticut General Life 
Insurance Company. 

Richard Maxwell (B.S. retail- 
ing) has been named senior con- 
sultant for Earl Newsom and 
Company, a New York public re- 
lations firm. 


Anna Cole Goldblatt (B.S. 
physical therapy) is academic co- 
ordinator of clinical education for 
the physical therapy program at 
the Medical College of Ohio. 

Joanne Tocce (B.S. nursing, 
M.S. nursing 1981) has been ap- 
pointed director of home health 
care for Commonwealth Health 
Care Company. 


Wyatt Beazley, III, (M.D., sur- 
gery resident 1966) has been 
elected to the Richmond board of 
Virginia National Bank. 


John McCoin (M.S. social 
work) has published a book. Adult 
Foster Homes: Their Managers ami 
Residetits, with Human Sciences 


Austin Parker (M.S.W.) has re- 
tired from his position as psychi- 
atric social worker at Indiana Uni- 
versity after 18 years of service. 
He was the first psychiatric social 
worker to be hired by the univer- 

Terry Phelps (B.S. business ad- 
ministration) has been elected 
president of the Virginia Oil 
Men's Association and first vice- 
president of the Virginia Petro- 
leum Jobber's Association. 


Doug Burford (B.S. advertising) 
received honorable mention in the 
nationwide Ad Day/USA selection 
of the country's most creative 

Dorothy Brewer (B.S. business 
education) has been appointed 
chairman of the Winchester-Fred- 
erick County Chamber of Com- 
merce's Economic Education 


John Bowles (B.S. sociology 
and social welfare) has been nom- 
inated to serve on the Virginia 
Advisory Board for the Division 
of Children. He is the executive 


Class Rings 

If you failed to buy a class ring as a 
student, you can now order one. 
Rings for men and women are 
available in a variety of sizes. For 
more information and a price list, 
write for a ring order kit. If you 
graduated before 1968, please 
indicate Medical College of 
Virginia, if appropriate, when 
ordering a kit. The request should 
be mailed to: 

Alumni Activities Office 
Ring Order Kit 
Virginia Commonwealth 
Richmond, VA 23284 


director of Big Brothers of Mar- 
tinsville and Henry County, Inc. 

Susan Brown (B.F.A. art) has 
been promoted to associate pro- 
fessor at Richard Bland College in 
Petersburg, Virginia. 

Terry Fitzgerald (B.S. account- 
ing, M.S. business 1970) has been 
named vice-president of Miller 
Manufacturing Company, Inc., in 
Richmond. He joined the firm in 
1971 and formerly served as trea- 

Diana Odle (B.S. nursing) is 
enrolled in a post master's pro- 
gram at the University of Ala- 
bama-Birmingham for which she 
received a National Cancer Insti- 
tute fellowship. She is on leave 
from her position as assistant pro- 
fessor at the University of Tennes- 
see's College of Nursing. 


James Enroughty (B.S. history) 
has joined the Virginia State 
Chamber of Commerce as pro- 
gram manager. 

Edmond Pittman (B.S. account- 
ing) has been elected to the board 
of directors of Morton G. Thalhi- 
mer. Inc., a Richmond real estate 
firm. He joined the company in 
1979 as controller. 


Ray Duncan (B.S. business 
management) has been named a 
regional auditor by First and Mer- 
chants National Bank in Rich- 

David Elmore (B.S. accounting) 
represented VCU at the inaugura- 
tion of Betty Lentz Siegel as presi- 
dent of Kennesaw College in Mar- 
ietta, Georgia. 

John Exley (B.F.A. communica- 
tion arts and design) had his work 
exhibited at the Lynwood House 
in Martinsville, Virginia, in 

Richardson Grinnan (M.D.) has 
been elected vice-president of 
medical affairs for Blue Cross and 
Blue Shield of Virginia. He is the 
chief medical officer responsible 

for corporate medical affairs in- 
cluding medical policy develop- 
ment and implementation. 

Richard Nunnally (B.S. adver- 
tising, M.Ed, adult education, 
1975) is employed as an extension 
agent for Chesterfield County and 
is chairman of the county's com- 
mittee for volunteer development. 

Donna Rappolt (B.F.A. photog- 
raphy) is working with Black and 
Decker Manufacturing Company. 
She serves as product planning 
manager for the Household Divi- 
sion located in Easton, Maryland. 

Joseph Suarez (B.S. pharmacy) 
is listed in the eighth edition of 
Men of Achievemi'iit, a publication 
of the International Biographical 
Centre in Cambridge, England. 

Donald Tharpe (B.S. account- 
ing) has been appointed to the 
board of directors of Northwest- 
ern Community Services. 


Randolph Bragg (B.A. English) 
has been named rector of Emman- 
uel Episcopal Church in Harrison- 
burg, Virginia. 

David Clements (B.S. advertis- 
ing) is now working in the Em- 
ployee Relations Department of 
Esso Exploration, Inc.", an affiliate 
of Exxon Corporation with head- 
quarters in Houston. He is section 
head for compensation and bene- 
fit plans. 

Dennis Latta (B.S. journalism) 
has been named sports editor of 
the Albuquerque journal in Albu- 
querque, New Mexico. 

Thomas Robinson (B.S. eco- 
nomics) has been elected presi- 
dent of the Henrico County Bar 

Ralph Thompson (B.S. account- 
ing) has established Ralph 
Thompson Associates, Inc., a fi- 
nancial consulting firm in 
Midlothian, Virginia. The firm 
specializes in improving profita- 
bility, long-range planning, and 
development and audit of man- 
agement information systems. 


Watkins Abbitl, Jr., (B.S. eco- 
nomics) has been named to the 
State Water Control Board in Vir- 

Walter Pauletle (B.S. account- 
ing) has been promoted to assist- 
ant vice-president by Central Fi- 
delity Bank. 


Erica Millner (B.F.A. fashion 
design) is working as a fashion 
consultant for Thalhimers in Rich- 


William Adams (M.H.A.) has 
been named an assistant adminis- 
trator by the University of Ala- 
bama Hospitals. 

Errett H. Callahan, Jr., (M.F.A. 
painting and printmaking) and 
his wife Linda Abbey (B.S. spe- 
cial education 1977) recently com- 
pleted seven months' work with 
the second international work 
seminar in lithic technology in 
Lejre, Denmark. 

Jack Fox (B.S. mass communi- 
cations) has been named com- 
munications manager by Analy- 
tics Laboratory, Inc., in Rich- 
mond. He will be responsible for 
advertising, public relations, and 

James Fox (A. A. administration 
of justice and public safety, B.S. 
1974, M.S. administration of jus- 
tice 1975) is employed as a train- 
ing sergeant with the Henrico 
County, Virginia, police depart- 
ment. He recently completed 
studies in criminal justice in Den- 
mark and Sweden. 

Robert Grey (B.S. manage- 
ment) has been appointed to the 
Virginia Alcoholic Beverage Con- 
trol Commission. He is the first 
black to serve on the commission 
which is responsible for control- 
ling the manufacturing, bottling. 


Alumni Update 


Please notify us of \ our change of addres 

































Pn'of clearly 






Zip Code 




State Zip Code 

Send to: 

Alumni Records Officer 
Virginia Commonwealth University 
Richmond, VA 23284 
(804) 257-1228 

Important note: If this magazine is 
addressed to an alumnus who no 
longer lives at the address printed 
on the address label, please advise 
us so that we can correct our re- 
cords. If you know the person's 
correct address, we would appreci- 
ate that information. Also, if a 
husband and wife are receiving 
more than one copy of the maga- 
zine, we would like to know so 
that we can avoid duplicate mail- 
ings. Please provide the names of 
both individuals plus the wife's 
maiden name, if appropriate. 

selling, advertising, and trans- 
porting of alcoholic beverages in 
the state. 

Michael Vogel (M.S.W.) is em- 
ployed as a clinical social worker 
in Lynchburg, Virginia. 


Brady Morrison (M.S.W.) has 
received the outstanding member 
award for 1981 from the North 
Carolina Association of Social 
Workers for Mental Health. He is 
director of the Surry-Yadkin Men- 
tal Health Center. 

Robert Parker (B.S. business 
administration) is employed by 
Lord Fairfax Community College 
as financial aid director. 

Edwin Slipek, Jr., (B.F.A. art 
history) has been named assistant 
vice-president of corporate com- 
munications for Best Products, 
Inc., in Richmond. He formerly 
served as director of corporate 


James Biggers (B.S. mass com- 
munications) has been appointed 
public relations writer for the 
Richmond office of Public Rela- 
tions Institute, an affiliate of 
Lawler Ballard Advertising. 

Carl Braun (B.S. mass com- 
munications) has completed the 
non-lawyer course at the Naval 
Justice School in Newport, Rhode 
Island. The course trains gradu- 
ates to provide paralegal advice 
and basic legal assistance services, 
as well as to perform the adminis- 
trative duties of a unit legal offi- 

Samuel Bryant (M.Ed, coun- 
selor education) has been pro- 
moted to trust officer by First and 
Merchants National Bank. 

Patricia Cooper (B.F.A. paint- 
ing and printmaking) has received 
a Henry Hoyns Fellowship in po- 
etry. She is planning to partici- 
pate in the 1982-83 creative writ- 
ing program at the University of 

Edward Fair (M.S.W.) will enter 
the School of Law at the Univer- 
sity of Texas in Austin in the fall. 

He formerly served as marketing 
director for Lone Wolf Produc- 
tions, an entertainment manage- 
ment firm in Houston. 

Ronne Jacobs (M.F.A. theatre) 
has joined the staff of the Institute 
for Business and Community De- 
velopment at the University of 

Elizabeth Lyon (B.F.A. art his- 
tory, M.F.A. 1981) is working as 
curator of collections and admin- 
istrator of Centre Hall Mansion in 
Petersburg, Virginia. 

Pam Mossburg (B.S. biology) 
has been named Young Careerist 
for 1982 by the Loudon Business 
and Professional Women's Club. 
She is enrolled in the M.B.A. pro- 
gram at George Mason University 
in Fairfax, Virginia. 

Wayne Tennent (M.S. business) 
has been named assistant vice- 
president of employee relations 
and development by Best Prod- 
ucts, Inc., in Richmond. He for- 
merly served as director of organi- 
zational development and 


Ronald Campana (B.S. psychol- 
ogy, M.S. sociology 1981) has 
been named community relations 
director for Williamsburg Com- 
munity Hospital in Williamsburg, 

Thornton Cline (B.M.E.) has 
signed two recording contracts 
with two major publishing com- 
panies. He is a member of the 
American Society of Composers, 
Authors, and Publishers. 

Jeanean Woolfolk Duke (M.S. 
business) is included in the 1981 
edition of Oiitstinidi)ig Young 
WoiiiL')! of America. 

Steven Hennessee (B.S. mass 
communications) is working as a 
supervisor of china, crystal, sil- 
ver, and fine gifts in Richmond's 
Thalhimers store located in Clo- 
verleaf Mall. 

William Hurst (B.S. accounting) 
has been named director of ac- 
counting and budget by Blue 


Cross-Blue Shield of Virginia, a 
nonprofit group health insurer. 

Earl Jackson (B.S. business ad- 
ministration and management) 
has been appointed executive 
vice-president and chief operating 
officer of Winfree H. Slater, Inc., a 
Richmond real estate firm. 

William Sheavly (B.S. recrea- 
tion) is working as a registered 
representative with Investors Di- 
versified Services (IDS), a finan- 
cial services company. He also 
writes a weekly money and in- 
vestment column for the Ports- 
mouth Times- Advocate. 

Sharon Williams (B.S. mass 
communications) has been made 
an associate management devel- 
opment specialist by Philip Morris 
U.S.A. in Richmond. 


Carolyn Anderton (M.Ed, spe- 
cial education) has been named 
the 1982 recipient of the Jenny 
Brewer Award by the Middle Pe- 
ninsula-Northern Neck chapter of 
the Council for Exceptional Chil- 
dren. The award is presented an- 
nually for exemplary service to ex- 
ceptional children by a classroom, 
intinerant, or resource teacher. 

Susan Irish (B.F.A. communica- 
tion arts and design) has joined 
Morgan and Associates Advertis- 
ing in Richmond as a mechanical 

George Maser, III, (B.S. psy- 
chology) has been promoted to in- 
vestment officer by Wheat First 
Securities, Inc., in Richmond. 

Delores Spahr (B.F.A. interior 
design) has been named a profes- 
sional member of the American 
Society of Interior Designers. 


Roland Gallahan (B.S. mass 
communications) has been hired 
by Wasliingtoniaii magazine as an 
account executive. 

Melissa Gaulding (B.F.A. art 
education) is working at the Na- 
tional Zoo in Washington, D.C. 

Her responsibilities include de- 
signing educational materials for 
the zoo's new family learning cen- 

Kristina Medinger (B.S. health 
and physical education) has been 
named assistant program director 
for the Health, Physical Educa- 
tion, and Recreation Department 
of the Boston YWCA. She for- 
merly served as women's volley- 
ball coach at Stonehill College in 
North Easton, Massachusetts. 

John Montaigne, Jr., (B.S. busi- 
ness administration and manage- 
ment) has been elected an assist- 
ant vice-president by Wheat First 
Securities, Inc., in Richmond. 

Stephen Phillips (M.D.) is serv- 
ing as a family practitioner in 
Elkton, Virginia. 


Susan Bailey (M.Ed, adminis- 
tration and supervision) has been 
named assistant vice-president of 
personnel administration by Best 
Products, Inc., in Richmond. She 
formerly served as director of per- 
sonnel administration. 

Drew Fracher (B.F.A. theatre) is 
performing with Children's Musi- 
cal Theatre, Inc, of Mobile, Ala- 
bama, a touring theatre group. 

Dennis Parrish (B.F.A. theatre) 
has received a master's degree in 
religious education from the 
Southwestern Baptist Theological 
Seminary in Fort Worth, Texas. 

Andrew Reed (B.A. compara- 
tive literature) is working as a 
sales representative with Promo- 
tional Packaging in the Los 
Angeles, California, area. 

Marie West (B.F.A. fashion de- 
sign) has opened her own com- 
pany. Attitudes in Dressing, in 
Alexandria, Virginia. 

Stephen Wisecarver (B.S. psy- 
chology, M.Ed, adult education 
1981) has been named instructor/ 
counselor in the John H. Daniel 
Campus Cooperative Career De- 
velopment Program in Halifax 
and Mecklenburg Counties in Vir- 


Patricia Cleary (M.B.A.) is cur- 
rently employed as a field con- 
sultant with Electronic Data Sys- 

Christa Clements (B.F.A. paint- 
ing and printmaking) has es- 
tablished a studio and is doing 
freelance work in Fort Pierce, 

Bruce Crispell (M.U.R.P.) re- 
ceived the Outstanding Student 
Award from the Virginia chapter 
of the American Planning Associ- 

Allan Erbe (M.S. rehabilitation 
counseling) has been named clini- 
cal services coordinator at 
Westbrook Hospital in Richmond. 

Charlotte Irby (B.S. special ed- 
ucation) recently completed re- 
cruit training at the Naval Train- 
ing Center in Orlando, Florida. 

Rick Kitchen (B.S. health and 
physical education) has com- 
pleted ground school training at 
the Naval Aviation School in Pen- 
sacola, Florida and been commis- 
sioned an ensign in the Naval Re- 

Jeanne Magro (M.A. eco- 
nomics) has been elected presi- 
dent of the Richmond Association 
of Business Economists. 

Charles Rugar (B.S. recreation) 
recently received an A.S. degree 
in engineering. He is pursuing a 
master's in electrical engineering 
at the Georgia Institute of Tech- 

Kimberly Welch Schenken 
(B.S. business administration and 
management) is serving as an in- 
ventory management specialist 
for the Army Troop Support Avia- 
tion Readiness Command in St. 

Judith Scrivener (M.S. chemis- 
try) is working as a chemistry in- 
structor at John Tvler Communitv 
College in Chester, Virginia. 

Mark Smith (B.S. business ad- 
ministration and management) 


Alumni Update 

has been assigned to the United 
States Air Force's Data Services 
Center as chief of the Communi- 
cations Management Branch. 

Neal Snoddy (B.S. business ad- 
ministration and management) is 
employed as a plant industrial en- 
gineer for Doubleday and Com- 
pany, Inc. 

Louis Spector (M.Ed, adult ed- 
ucation) has been named director 
of the Department of Social Ser- 
vices and Welfare in Hopewell, 

Gary Stevens (B.S. accounting) 
has been named manager of the 
overseas accounting section by 
the Southern Baptist Foreign Mis- 
sion Board. 

John Watkins (M.S. sociology) 
is director of the Upward Bound 
Program at Hampton Institute. 
He was listed in the 1980-81 edi- 
tion of Marquis' Who's Who in the 
South and Southwest. 

Jaron Terry (B.S. mass com- 
munications) has been named di- 
rector of public relations and vol- 
unteers at Crippled Children's 
Hospital in Richmond. 

Jeffrey Vaughan (B.S. business 
administration and management) 
is employed by Lawyers Title In- 
surance Corporation as a sales 


William Wagner (B.S. health 
care management) has reported 
for duty at the U.S. Coast Guard 
Academy in New London, Con- 


Cheryl G. Quarles (B.S. reha- 
bilitative services) has been 
named case manager for the 
Crossroads Service Board in Ame- 
lia, Virginia. 

David Holt (B.S. pharmacy) re- 
cently completed a 30-week train- 
ing program for the position of 
sales representative with Bur- 
roughs Wellcome Company. 

James Plewa (M.B.A.) has 
earned certification in production 
inventory management from the 
American Production and Inven- 
tory Control Society. He is em- 
ployed by Philip Morris as a sen- 
ior production control systems 

Frank Shelton (B.S. business 
administration and management) 
is an account executive with 
Wheat, First Securities, Inc. 

Dale Skeeter (B.S. rehabilitative 
services) worked as a motivator in 
the 1981 Summer Olympic Moti- 
vational Program. 

An Equal Opporlunity/ Allirmalive Aclton Universily 



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each additional ticket 

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